Mahatma Gandhi's Life and Legacy

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When did Mahatma Gandhi return to India?


What did Gandhi do to try to stop religious violence after India's independence?

Visited areas affected by the partition

When did Mahatma Gandhi die?

January 30, 1948

Study Notes

  • Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Gujarat, India.
  • He trained as a lawyer and moved to South Africa in 1893 to represent an Indian merchant.
  • In 1915, he returned to India and soon became involved in the Indian National Congress, leading campaigns for civil rights and self-rule.
  • In 1921, he assumed leadership of the Congress and led nationwide campaigns for improving the conditions of the poor and ending religious violence.
  • In 1947, Britain granted independence to India and the British Indian Empire was partitioned into two dominions.
  • Gandhi did not celebrate independence, instead visiting areas affected by the partition to try to stop religious violence.
  • In 1948, he began a hunger strike to pressure the Indian government to pay Pakistan some money it owed. He completed the strike in January 1949.
  • Gandhi died on January 30, 1948.

Test your knowledge about the life and impact of Mahatma Gandhi, a key figure in India's fight for independence and advocate for nonviolent resistance.

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