OSHA Record Keeping and Reporting

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What was the main purpose of the OSH Act according to the given text?

To minimize the number of workplace accidents and occupational diseases

How many deaths, on average, were caused by workplace accidents before the OSH Act was passed?

14,000 deaths

What was the approximate number of new cases of occupational diseases reported annually before the OSH Act?

300,000 cases

What did Congress aim to do in developing the OSH Act?

Preserve human resources

What did the OSH Act consider when it was developed?

Yearly statistics

What was the purpose of the OSH Act according to the given text?

To assure safe and healthful working conditions

What is the purpose of the closing conference in an OSHA workplace inspection?

To have an open discussion between the officer and company & employee representatives

What does a citation do in the context of OSHA?

Informs the employer of OSHA violations

What type of violation has a high probability of causing death or serious physical injury?

Serious violation

What is the penalty for a willful violation?

$5,000 for each violation

Under what condition may a proposed penalty for a willful violation be adjusted downward?

Size of the business and its history of previous violations

What type of violation is found on reinspection with a substantially similar violation?

Repeat violation

What services does OSHA provide to help employers meet safety & health standards?

Consultation services

Who provides consultation services under OSHA?

Professional safety & health consultants who are not OSHA employees

What is the purpose of Voluntary Protection Programs (VPPs)?

To recognize companies that have incorporated safety & health programs into their overall management system

What do companies participating in Voluntary Protection Programs (VPPs) get exempt from?

Regular programmed OSHA inspections

What do Repeat violations lead to?

Fines assessed—result of citations.

What is one of the employer responsibilities under the OSH Act?

Provide a workplace free from hazards causing, or likely to cause death or serious physical harm to employees

What is NOT an employer responsibility under the OSH Act?

Provide entertainment facilities for employees

What must employers do with the standards, rules, and regulations issued under the OSH Act?

Be knowledgeable of, and comply with them

When should employers report any fatal accident or one that results in injury to the nearest OSHA office?

Within 8 hours

Which of the following is an employer responsibility under the OSH Act?

Be knowledgeable of, and comply with standards

What should employers do with operating procedures under the OSH Act?

Establish or update them and communicate them so that employees follow safety & health requirements

What is an employer responsible for in relation to tools & equipment under the OSH Act?

Ensuring employees have and use safe tools & equipment that is properly maintained

What must employers do in relation to medical examinations under the OSH Act?

Provide medical examinations when required by OSHA

What should employers do with the training required by OSHA standards?

Provide the training required by OSHA standards

What is NOT an employer responsibility under the OSH Act regarding workplace conditions?

Maintain unsafe workplace conditions

What is the purpose of OSHA's record-keeping and reporting process?

To improve workplace safety and health by identifying and addressing potential issues

In response to employer complaints, what did OSHA initiate to improve the record-keeping and reporting process?

A dialogue among stakeholders to improve the process

How long must employers maintain injury and illness records as per OSHA requirements?

Three years

When must OSHA Form 301 be completed for a recordable injury or illness?

Within 7 days

Which of the following is an exception to OSHA's record-keeping and reporting requirements?

Employers with 10 or fewer employees

What must employers provide to employees upon request, according to OSHA regulations?

Copies of the OSH Act and any OSHA rules that may concern them

What is the consequence of OSHA compliance officers conducting inspections unannounced?

Fine, imprisonment, or both for prior notice

What are OSHA compliance officers authorized to do after presenting their credentials to the person in charge?

Enter any site, location, or facility where work is taking place

What is the purpose of the opening conference conducted by OSHA compliance officers during workplace inspections?

To explain why the plant was selected for inspection

What must be reported as per OSHA requirements if it results in one or more days away from work?

One or more days away from work

What is the main mission and purpose of OSHA as summarized in the text?

All of the above

Which employers are exempt from OSHA inspection and not required to maintain injury/illness records?

Employers with 10 or fewer employees

What does the general duty clause of the OSH Act require employers to provide?

A workplace free from any hazards that are likely to harm employees

What is the difference between OSHA standards and regulations?

Standards address specific hazards, while regulations are more generic

In what publication are OSHA standards included?

Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations

Under what circumstances is OSHA empowered to pass temporary emergency standards?

When there are imminent dangers from exposure to hazards not already covered

How can a standard, either permanent or temporary, be appealed?

Filed in the U.S. Court of Appeals serving the geographic region in which the complainant lives or does business

What entities are exempted from OSH Act coverage?

"Persons who are self-employed"

What is a requirement for OSHA when adopting, amending, or revising standards?

Conduct a public hearing on a proposed rule or rule change upon request by any interested party

What is the impact of filing one or more appeals against a standard?

It has no impact on the enforcement of the standard

Under what circumstances may an employer be unable to comply with a new standard by its effective date?

When technological constraints prevent compliance with the new standard

Study Notes

OSH Act Overview

  • The main purpose of the OSH Act was to assure safe and healthful working conditions for working men and women.
  • Before the OSH Act, approximately 14,000 job-related deaths occurred annually, and around 2.5 million new cases of occupational diseases were reported.
  • Congress aimed to provide a safe and healthy work environment by developing the OSH Act.

OSH Act Development

  • The OSH Act considered the gravity of hazards, the likelihood of accidents, and the prevalence of diseases.

OSHA Inspections

  • The purpose of the closing conference is to discuss the findings and any citations or penalties with the employer.
  • A citation is issued when a workplace violation is found, and it outlines the violation, abatement, and proposed penalty.

Violations and Penalties

  • Willful violations have a high probability of causing death or serious physical injury.
  • The penalty for a willful violation is a minimum of $9,000 and up to $126,000.
  • A proposed penalty for a willful violation can be adjusted downward if the employer has a good faith effort to comply.
  • Repeat violations lead to increased penalties.

OSHA Services

  • OSHA provides consultation services to help employers meet safety and health standards.
  • Consultation services are provided by state consultants.
  • The purpose of Voluntary Protection Programs (VPPs) is to recognize and reward outstanding safety and health management systems.
  • Companies participating in VPPs are exempt from programmed inspections.

Employer Responsibilities

  • Employers are responsible for providing a safe and healthy work environment.
  • Employers must comply with the standards, rules, and regulations issued under the OSH Act.
  • Employers must report any fatal accident or one that results in injury to the nearest OSHA office within 8 hours.
  • Employers must maintain injury and illness records, provide training, and ensure operating procedures are in place.

OSHA Record-Keeping and Reporting

  • The purpose of OSHA's record-keeping and reporting process is to track work-related injuries and illnesses.
  • OSHA initiated the Injury and Illness Prevention Program (I2P2) to improve the record-keeping and reporting process.
  • Employers must maintain injury and illness records for at least 5 years.
  • OSHA Form 301 must be completed for a recordable injury or illness within 7 days.

OSHA Compliance Officers

  • OSHA compliance officers conduct inspections unannounced.
  • Compliance officers are authorized to inspect workplaces, review records, and interview employees after presenting their credentials.
  • The purpose of the opening conference is to explain the purpose and scope of the inspection.

OSHA Mission and Purpose

  • The main mission and purpose of OSHA is to assure safe and healthful working conditions for working men and women.
  • OSHA's jurisdiction applies to all employers and their employees, except for those exempted by the OSH Act.

OSHA Standards and Regulations

  • The general duty clause of the OSH Act requires employers to provide a safe and healthy work environment, free from recognized hazards.
  • OSHA standards are included in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR).
  • OSHA can pass temporary emergency standards when a new hazard is identified.
  • A standard can be appealed to the OSHA Review Commission.
  • Entities exempted from OSH Act coverage include family farms, self-employed individuals, and federal employees.

Test your knowledge about OSHA's record-keeping and reporting requirements as per Chapter 6 of 'Occupational Safety and Health for Technologists, Engineers, and Managers' by David L. Goetsch.

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