Open Fracture Management
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Open Fracture Management

Este cuestionario evalúa su conocimiento sobre el manejo de fracturas abiertas, incluyendo complicaciones, opciones de tratamiento, clasificación y rehabilitación.

Created by
@InterestingComposite4561

Questions and Answers

¿Cuál es la complicación más común en fracturas abiertas?

Infección

¿Qué es el objetivo principal del tratamiento de desbridamiento en fracturas abiertas?

Prevenir la infección

¿Cuál es la clasificación utilizada para evaluar la gravedad de la lesión de tejido blando en fracturas abiertas?

Both

¿Qué es una parte importante del tratamiento de rehabilitación en fracturas abiertas?

<p>Movilización temprana</p> Signup and view all the answers

¿Qué es el protocolo de evaluación inicial utilizado en el cuidado de emergencia para fracturas abiertas?

<p>ABCDE</p> Signup and view all the answers

¿Qué es el objetivo principal del tratamiento de estabilización en fracturas abiertas?

<p>Mantener la alineación del hueso</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Open Fracture Complications

  • Infection: most common complication, occurs in 2-16% of cases
    • Risk factors: severity of injury, delay in treatment, inadequate debridement
  • Nerve damage: 10-20% of cases, especially in upper extremity fractures
  • Vascular injury: 1-5% of cases, can lead to limb ischemia and amputation
  • Compartment syndrome: 1-5% of cases, can lead to permanent nerve damage and muscle necrosis
  • Non-union: 10-20% of cases, can lead to chronic pain and disability
  • Arthritis: 10-20% of cases, can lead to chronic pain and decreased mobility

Treatment Options

  • Debridement: removal of dead tissue and foreign particles to prevent infection
  • Antibiotic therapy: used to prevent and treat infection
  • Fracture stabilization: used to maintain bone alignment and promote healing
    • Internal fixation: plates, screws, and rods
    • External fixation: pins and frames
  • Soft tissue management: used to promote wound healing and skin coverage
    • Skin grafting
    • Flap reconstruction
  • Amputation: in severe cases, may be necessary to prevent further complications

Classification

  • Gustilo-Anderson classification: based on severity of soft tissue injury
    • Type I: low-energy fracture, minimal soft tissue injury
    • Type II: moderate-energy fracture, moderate soft tissue injury
    • Type III: high-energy fracture, extensive soft tissue injury
  • Tscherne classification: based on severity of soft tissue and bone injury
    • Grade 0: low-energy fracture, minimal soft tissue injury
    • Grade 1: moderate-energy fracture, moderate soft tissue injury
    • Grade 2: high-energy fracture, extensive soft tissue injury
    • Grade 3: severe fracture, severe soft tissue injury and bone damage

Rehabilitation

  • Early mobilization: important for preventing stiffness and promoting healing
  • Range of motion exercises: used to maintain joint mobility and prevent contractures
  • Strengthening exercises: used to improve muscle strength and function
  • Gait training: used to improve ambulation and prevent complications
  • Pain management: used to manage chronic pain and promote functional recovery

Emergency Care

  • Initial assessment: ABCDE (airway, breathing, circulation, disability, exposure) protocol
  • Wound management: immediate debridement and dressing to prevent infection
  • Fracture stabilization: temporary stabilization to prevent further injury
  • Pain management: used to manage acute pain and promote comfort
  • Transportation: urgent transportation to a trauma center for definitive care

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