Nervous System Functions and Organization Quiz
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Nervous System Functions and Organization Quiz

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@AttentivePolarBear

Questions and Answers

What is the function of the afferent division of the nervous system?

Transmits impulses to the CNS from sensory receptors

Which part of the nervous system consists mainly of nerves extending from the brain and spinal cord?

Peripheral Nervous System

Which division of the nervous system carries impulses from the CNS to effector organs, such as muscles and glands?

Motor division

Which classification scheme divides PNS structures into sensory and motor divisions?

<p>Functional Classification</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which part of the nervous system allows us to voluntarily control our skeletal muscles?

<p>Somatic nervous system</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main role of the peripheral nervous system?

<p>Control effector organs like muscles and glands</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the principal subdivision of the Peripheral Nervous System concerned with nerve fibers conveying impulses from sensory receptors to the central nervous system?

<p>Visceral afferents</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which part of the nervous system is mainly responsible for conveying impulses from the skin, skeletal muscles, and joints to the central nervous system?

<p>Somatic sensory fibers</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary function of the efferent division of the nervous system?

<p>Transmitting impulses from the CNS to effector organs</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which part of the nervous system is responsible for voluntarily controlling our skeletal muscles?

<p>Somatic nervous system</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which structural classification of the nervous system includes the spinal cord?

<p>Central Nervous System</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which functional classification of the PNS consists of nerve fibers delivering impulses from the viscera?

<p>Visceral afferents</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Nervous System Overview

  • The nervous system is the master controlling and communicating system of the body.
  • It has three overlapping functions: sensory input, integration, and motor output.

Organization of the Nervous System

  • The nervous system is classified into two main structures: Central Nervous System (CNS) and Peripheral Nervous System (PNS).
  • The CNS consists of the brain and spinal cord.
  • The PNS consists of nerves that extend from the brain and spinal cord, including spinal nerves and cranial nerves.

Functional Classification of the Nervous System

  • The functional classification scheme is concerned only with PNS structures.
  • The PNS is divided into two principal subdivisions: sensory (or afferent) division and motor (or efferent) division.
  • The sensory division consists of nerve fibers that convey impulses to the CNS from sensory receptors located in various parts of the body.
  • The sensory division has two subcategories: somatic sensory fibers and visceral sensory fibers (or visceral afferents).
  • Somatic sensory fibers deliver impulses from the skin, skeletal muscles, and joints.
  • Visceral sensory fibers transmit impulses from visceral organs.

Motor Division

  • The motor division carries impulses from the CNS to effector organs, such as muscles and glands.
  • The motor division has two subdivisions: somatic nervous system and autonomic nervous system (not mentioned in the text but implied).
  • The somatic nervous system allows us to consciously, or voluntarily control our skeletal muscles; also known as the voluntary nervous system.

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Description

Test your knowledge on the functions and organization of the nervous system, including sensory input, integration, and motor output. Learn about the structural classification of the nervous system, including the Central Nervous System (brain and spinal cord) and the Peripheral Nervous System (spinal nerves, cranial nerves, etc).

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