NCERT Solutions Class 9 History Chapter 1: French Revolution

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10 Questions

What was the main objective of the French Revolution?

Overthrowing the monarchy and taking control of the government

When did the French Revolution begin?

1789

What term was used to describe the social groups in France before the French Revolution?

Estates

How did the social and political structure of France change after the French Revolution?

It changed completely

Why is it important for students to study the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 History Chapter 1 on the French Revolution?

To understand the impact of revolutions on society

What was a significant financial challenge faced by the French Government before the outbreak of the French Revolution?

Empty treasury due to long years of war

Why did lenders begin charging 10% interest on loans to the French Government?

To compensate for the risk of lending to a financially unstable government

Which section of French society primarily bore the burden of taxes before the French Revolution?

People of the 1st estate

What was the main factor that led to a rapid increase in the price of bread, causing dissatisfaction among the working class?

Wages fixed by workshop owners

What was one of the key goals of the French Revolution regarding social equality?

Ensuring equality by reducing privileges based on birth

Study Notes

The French Revolution

  • The French Revolution was a period in France when the people overthrew the monarchy and took control of the government.
  • The Revolution began in 1789 and ended in the late 1790s.

Social Structure of France Before the Revolution

  • The people of France were divided into social groups or "Estates".
  • The three estates were:
    • 1st Estate: Clergy (did not pay taxes)
    • 2nd Estate: Nobility (did not pay taxes)
    • 3rd Estate: Commoners (peasants, artisans, small peasants, landless labor, servants, big businessmen, merchants, court officials, lawyers) (paid taxes)

Causes of the French Revolution

  • Empty treasury due to long years of war
  • Cost of maintaining an extravagant court at the Palace of Versailles
  • Debt from helping the thirteen American colonies gain independence from Britain
  • High interest rates on loans (10% per annum)
  • Increasing budget spent on interest payments
  • Difficulty in meeting regular expenses (army, court, governmental offices, universities)
  • Raised taxes on the 3rd Estate, while the 1st and 2nd Estates were exempt
  • Rapid population growth and increased demand for food grains
  • Price of bread (staple diet) rose rapidly due to low production
  • Gap between the rich and poor widened due to low wages and high prices

Impact of the Revolution

  • The 3rd Estate benefited the most from the revolution
  • The 1st and 2nd Estates were forced to relinquish power and lost their privileges
  • The revolution aimed to bring equality to society

Legacy of the French Revolution

  • The ideas of liberty and democratic rights are the most important legacies of the French Revolution
  • The French Revolution had a significant impact on the people of the world during the 19th and 20th centuries

Access free NCERT solutions for Class 9 History Chapter 1 on the French Revolution. These solutions are designed to assist students in preparing for CBSE exams, covering the period when the monarchy was overthrown in France and government control changed hands. Learn about the events leading up to and during the French Revolution.

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