NCERT Class 9 Geography: Physical Features, Vegetation, Climate, Population Quiz

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9 Questions

Which major geographical division in India includes the Indus Gangetic Plain?


What type of natural vegetation is found along the Western Ghats in India?

Tropical rainforests

In which region of India can we find mangroves as a common type of vegetation?

Coastal plains

Which season is predominant in the northern part of India?


What is the estimated population of India as of March 2021?

1.2 billion

Which plateau region in India is known for its association with the Western Ghats?

Deccan plateau

Which type of forest is NOT commonly found in India?

Taiga forests

What is the main feature of the climate in southern India?

Tropical wet and dry conditions

What is projected to be India's population by 2025?

1.2 billion

Study Notes

NCERT Class 9 Geography: Physical Features of India, Natural Vegetation, Climate, Population

The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is responsible for developing and implementing curricula and textbooks for schools in India. In this context, we will delve into some key aspects of NCERT Class 9 geography, including physical features of India, natural vegetation, climate, and population.

Physical Features of India

India's physical geography is diverse due to its large size and varied topographical conditions. Some major geographical divisions in India include the Himalayas (including the Indus Gangetic Plain), the Peninsular plateau, the Deccan plateau, the Western Ghats, the Eastern Ghats, and the coastal plains.

Natural Vegetation

India's natural vegetation is diverse and ranges from tropical rainforests along the Western Ghats to alpine flora in the Himalayas. Some common vegetation types in India include tropical forests, thorn forests, deciduous forests, and mangroves.


India has a diverse climate, with tropical monsoon conditions in the north and tropical wet and dry conditions in the south. The country experiences four main seasons: summer, monsoon, autumn, and winter.


India has a large and growing population, with an estimated 1.366 billion people as of March 2021. The country's population growth rate has slowed down over the years, and it is projected to reach 1.2 billion by 2025.

In conclusion, the NCERT Class 9 geography curriculum covers the physical features of India, natural vegetation, climate, and population, providing students with a solid foundation in understanding the country's geography.

Test your knowledge on the physical features of India, natural vegetation, climate patterns, and population dynamics as covered in the NCERT Class 9 geography curriculum. Explore topics ranging from Himalayas to coastal plains, tropical rainforests to deciduous forests, diverse climate conditions, and India's growing population.

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