NCERT Class 10 Science: Chemistry, Biology, and Physics Overview

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12 Questions

Which topic in Class 10 chemistry includes balancing chemical equations and stoichiometry?

Chemical reactions

What is a key focus area in Class 10 biology related to genetic inheritance?

Heredity and evolution

In Class 10 physics, which topic typically covers concepts like motion, force, and energy?


What type of bonds are emphasized in the study of chemical bonding in Class 10 chemistry?

Coordinate covalent bonds

Which topic in Class 10 science explores trends in physical and chemical properties across elements?


The study of cells, tissues, organs, and systems falls under which subject in Class 10?


What is a key topic covered in the Class 10 physics curriculum?

Electricity and circuits

What does the NCERT Class 10 science curriculum emphasize?

Application of biology to real-world issues

Which subject provides a strong foundation in problem-solving and critical thinking according to the text?


What is a common method of assessment mentioned in the text?

Periodic tests and quizzes

Which concept is covered in the Class 10 biology curriculum?

Human health and disease

What is the primary resource for students in Class 10 science according to the text?

NCERT textbooks

Study Notes

NCERT Class 10 Science: Chemistry, Biology, and Physics

As you embark on your scientific journey in Class 10, the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) curriculum offers a balanced exploration of chemistry, biology, and physics. Let's dive into these fascinating subjects and discover the fundamental concepts that underpin them.


In Class 10 chemistry, students are introduced to the basics of atomic structure, chemical bonding, and stoichiometry. Key topics include:

  1. Atomic structure: Electronic configuration, atomic number, and mass number.
  2. Chemical bonding: Covalent, ionic, and coordinate covalent bonds.
  3. Chemical reactions: Balancing chemical equations, stoichiometry, and limiting reactants.
  4. Periodicity: Periodic table, trends in physical and chemical properties, and reactions.
  5. Solutions: Types of solutions, concentration, and colligative properties.

The course also explores environmental chemistry, carbon and its compounds, and the role of chemistry in day-to-day life.


In Class 10 biology, students delve into the structure and functions of living organisms, and explore the principles of life, evolution, and ecology. Key topics include:

  1. Structure and function of living organisms: Cells, tissues, organs, and systems.
  2. Reproduction: Reproductive systems in plants and animals, and reproduction in humans.
  3. Heredity and evolution: Mendelian inheritance, genetic crosses, and natural selection.
  4. Ecology: Environment, ecosystems, and the human impact on ecosystems.
  5. Human health and disease: Healthy living, prevention of diseases, and the role of biology in medicine.

The curriculum also emphasizes the application of biology to real-world issues and the importance of responsible citizenship.


In Class 10 physics, students explore the fundamental principles of matter and energy, motion, and electricity. Key topics include:

  1. Motion and time: Velocity, acceleration, force, and Newton's laws of motion.
  2. Work, energy, and power: Power, work-energy theorem, and conservation of energy.
  3. Gravitation: Universal gravitation, Kepler's laws, and Newton's Law of Gravitation.
  4. Heat and thermodynamics: Temperature, heat, and thermal expansion.
  5. Electricity: Electric current, resistance, circuits, and simple electromagnetic induction.

The curriculum also introduces the basics of magnetism, optics, and sound, preparing students for more advanced concepts in future classes.

NCERT Textbooks

NCERT textbooks are the primary resource for students in Class 10 science. These books are designed to provide a comprehensive understanding of the subject matter, and include a range of activities, experiments, and assessment tasks that help students develop their knowledge and skills.

Assessment and Exams

Students are assessed through periodic tests, quizzes, and a final examination at the end of the academic year. The exams focus on students' comprehension, application, and problem-solving skills, and are designed to assess their understanding of the key concepts introduced in the NCERT textbooks.


The NCERT Class 10 science curriculum provides a strong foundation in chemistry, biology, and physics, fostering students' critical thinking, problem-solving, and scientific literacy skills. By exploring these subjects, students will gain the knowledge and confidence to engage with the world around them, and to make informed decisions about their future studies and careers.

Explore the essential concepts of chemistry, biology, and physics covered in the NCERT Class 10 science curriculum. Delve into atomic structure, chemical reactions, living organisms, reproduction, motion, electricity, and more. Learn about the key topics, textbooks, assessment methods, and the foundational knowledge students gain in these subjects.

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