Metallurgy and Minerals Quiz

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4 Questions

Explain the difference between a mineral and an ore.

A mineral is a naturally occurring inorganic substance found deep under the surface of the earth, while an ore is a mineral from which one or more metals can be extracted profitably.

What is the process used to extract a metal in its pure form from its ore called?

The sequence of processes used to extract a metal in its pure form from its ore is called metallurgy.

Name one metal that is a liquid at room temperature.

Mercury is a metal that is a liquid at room temperature.

Provide an example of a non-metal that exists in a solid form at room temperature.

Carbon, sulphur, phosphorus, and iodine are examples of non-metals that exist in a solid form at room temperature.

Study Notes

Minerals and Ores

  • A mineral is a naturally occurring inorganic solid substance with a specific chemical composition and a crystalline structure.
  • An ore is a mineral that contains a valuable metal or element that can be extracted for use.

Metal Extraction Process

  • The process of extracting a metal in its pure form from its ore is called smelting or refining.

Metals and Non-Metals

  • Mercury (Hg) is a metal that is a liquid at room temperature.
  • Carbon (in the form of diamond or graphite) is a non-metal that exists in a solid form at room temperature.

Test your knowledge of minerals, ores, metals, and the process of extracting metals from ores through this quiz. Learn about the properties of metals and non-metals as well.

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