Evaluation and Assessment

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25 Questions

What are the physical symptoms of a head injury or concussion?

Blacking out, seeing 'stars' or lights, and nausea

What is the recommended action to take after a concussion?

Call 911 and keep checking cognitive abilities

What cognitive symptoms may indicate a head injury or concussion?

Memory problems, disorientation, and mood changes

How often should a person with a concussion be woken up during the first 24 hours?

Once every 15 minutes for the first two hours, then once every 30 minutes for the next two hours, then once an hour

What is the purpose of applying ice after a head injury?

To reduce swelling

What physical symptom might indicate a serious head injury?

Uneven pupil sizes

What is the significance of not leaving the person alone for the first 24 hours after a concussion?

To monitor their condition and cognitive abilities

What should be done if someone experiences post-traumatic amnesia after a head injury?

Seek medical help immediately

What does DBAP-BTLS stand for in head-to-toe assessments?

Deformities Contusions Abrasions Punctures Burns Tenderness Lacerations Swelling

When conducting head-to-toe assessments, what should CERT volunteers look for in all parts of the body?

DCAP-BTLS

What should CERT volunteers do if the patient is conscious during a head-to-toe assessment?

Always ask permission to conduct the assessment

What should CERT volunteers suspect in all unconscious survivors during head-to-toe assessments?

Spinal injury

What should CERT volunteers always check for during a head-to-toe assessment?

Pulse, movement, sensation (PMS) in all extremities

What is the main objective when CERT members encounter suspected injuries to the head or spine?

Minimize movement of the head and spine while treating any life-threatening conditions

What are the signs of closed-head, neck, or spinal injuries?

Change in consciousness, inability to move body parts, severe pain or pressure in head, neck, or back

What should CERT members do if survivors are exhibiting signs of closed-head, neck, or spinal injuries?

Treat them as having a closed-head, neck, or spinal injury

What should CERT members do if they need to move patients with suspected head, neck, or spinal injuries?

Ensure sufficient patient stabilization and move the patient from the area as quickly as possible if in immediate danger

What is the timeframe for urgent evacuation priorities?

Within 30 minutes

What details must be documented for tourniquet application?

Type and time of application for each limb

What is the purpose of the head-to-toe assessment?

Determine the extent of injuries and required treatment

What does the DCAP-BTLS acronym help to remember during a rapid assessment?

Deformities, Contusions, Abrasions, Punctures/Penetrations, Burns, Tenderness, Lacerations, and Swelling

When should the assessment be performed?

Before initiating treatment, unless the patient requires immediate care to prevent serious injury or death

What are the initial steps taken by CERT volunteers in a medical emergency?

Rapid treatment and assessment

What is crucial for effective medical emergency response?

Following the specified procedures, including wearing PPE during assessments

How should first responders identify casualties?

Using the first letter of the casualty’s first and last name, and the last four numbers of their social security number

Study Notes

Medical Emergency Response Procedures

  • Casualty identification involves using the first letter of the casualty’s first and last name, and the last four numbers of their social security number.
  • Evacuation priorities are categorized as urgent (within 30 minutes), priority (within 24 hours), and routine (within 72 hours).
  • Recording the casualty’s gender, date, time of injury, service branch, unit, allergies, mechanism of injury, and vital signs is crucial.
  • Tourniquet application details for each limb, including type and time of application, must be documented.
  • Evacuation priority, circulation hemorrhage control interventions, airway and breathing interventions, and medication details are recorded for treatment.
  • Conducting head-to-toe assessments is essential, focusing on severe bleeding, low body temperature, airway obstruction, and determining the nature of the patient’s injury.
  • The head-to-toe assessment aims to determine the extent of injuries, required treatment, and document injuries, emphasizing the use of personal protective equipment (PPE).
  • The DCAP-BTLS acronym is used to remember what to look for during a rapid assessment (Deformities, Contusions, Abrasions, Punctures/Penetrations, Burns, Tenderness, Lacerations, and Swelling).
  • The assessment should be performed before initiating treatment, unless the patient requires immediate care to prevent serious injury or death.
  • First responders should record their name and the last four numbers of their social security number.
  • Rapid treatment and assessment are the initial steps taken by CERT volunteers in a medical emergency to provide necessary care and determine the patient’s needs.
  • The importance of following the specified procedures, including wearing PPE during assessments, is highlighted for effective medical emergency response.

Test your knowledge of medical emergency response procedures with this quiz. From casualty identification to evacuation priorities and assessment techniques, this quiz covers essential steps for providing effective care in a medical emergency. Perfect for first responders and CERT volunteers looking to enhance their understanding of medical response protocols.

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