Maynard Jackson and Andrew Young: Atlanta Mayors

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10 Questions

Who was the first African-American Mayor of Atlanta?

Maynard Jackson

Which individual was a close friend of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.?

Andrew Young

Who helped to bring the Olympics to Atlanta?

Maynard Jackson

Which individual served as Georgia's first black Congressman since Reconstruction?

Andrew Young

Who was the only President to be born in Georgia?

Jimmy Carter

What was one of the successes of President Carter's foreign policy?

Ratification of Panama Canal Treaties

What significant event occurred during the Atlanta Olympics that marred the event?

A pipe bomb explosion killing two and injuring dozens

Why did Governor Nathan Deal create laws to expand the Port of Savannah?

To allow larger vessels to enter the port

What is the impact of Georgia's deepwater ports on the state's economy?

$67 billion total impact and over 352,000 jobs

What led Georgia to become the No. 1 filming location in the world?

Film and television productions generating $9.5 billion

Study Notes

Notable Figures in Atlanta's History

  • Maynard Jackson: First African-American Mayor of Atlanta, serving 3 terms from 1973-1981 and 1990-1994
  • Key accomplishments: Provided more contract work to black-owned businesses, expanded Hartsfield International Airport, and increased black police officers
  • Posthumous recognition: Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport was named in his honor

Andrew Young

  • Started working for the SCLC in 1961, organizing Civil Rights demonstrations and voter registration campaigns
  • Close friend to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • Elected Georgia's first black Congressman since Reconstruction in 1972
  • Served as Ambassador to the United Nations from 1977 to 1981
  • Elected Mayor of Atlanta in 1981, serving two terms
  • Co-chair of Georgia's 1996 Olympic committee

Jimmy Carter

  • Only President born in Georgia, focused on education in the State Senate
  • Successful as Governor of Georgia, reducing state agencies from 300 to 25
  • Improved education, justice, and mental health systems
  • Ran for President in 1976 and won, creating a new cabinet position for the Department of Education
  • Foreign policy centered on human rights, with successes including:
    • Camp David Accords: Peace between Israel and Egypt
    • SALT II Treaty: Reduction of nuclear arms between the U.S. and Soviet Union
    • Ratification of Panama Canal Treaties
    • Establishment of diplomatic relations with China
  • Failures include:
    • Accusations of inaction on a bad economy
    • Boycott of the 1980 summer Olympics
    • Iran Hostage Crisis
  • Post-Presidential Career:
    • Founded the Carter Center, monitoring elections, resolving conflicts, and treating diseases worldwide
    • Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, Presidential Medal of Freedom, and a Grammy for spoken voice

The Atlanta Olympics

  • Olympic Planning Committee: Billy Payne, Andrew Young, and Maynard Jackson
  • Brought four long-term benefits to the state:
    • Millions of dollars spent on world-class competition facilities
    • International recognition to Atlanta
    • Volunteer programs, educational and training programs, and employment opportunities
    • Millions of dollars into Georgia's economy
  • Improved infrastructure reduced traffic congestion, and international visitors were impressed with "southern hospitality"

Tourism in Georgia

  • Over 60 million people visit and tour Georgia each year, generating $6 billion in revenue
  • Over a quarter of a million Georgians work in jobs related to tourism

Savannah Port Expansion

  • Total impact of Georgia's deepwater ports is $67 billion
  • Over 352,000 Georgians work in jobs related to the ports, generating $18.5 billion in income annually
  • The Savannah Harbor Expansion Project (SHEP) will deepen the port and allow for larger vessels to enter, increasing trade through Georgia
  • Expected completion: 2019

Film Industry in Georgia

  • Georgia is now the No. 1 filming location in the world, according to Film L.A.
  • The industry has a significant impact on the state's economy, generating $9.5 billion in revenue

Test your knowledge on the first African-American Mayor of Atlanta, Maynard Jackson, and his successor Andrew Young. Learn about their contributions, terms in office, and impact on the city of Atlanta.

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