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# Matrices for 9th Class BISE Lahore

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@LikableSwamp

### What is a matrix, and how is it denoted?

A matrix is a rectangular array of numbers, symbols, or expressions arranged in rows and columns, and it is denoted by uppercase letters (e.g., A, B, C) and is enclosed in square brackets [].

### What is the main difference between a row matrix and a column matrix?

A row matrix has only one row, while a column matrix has only one column.

### What is the property of matrix addition that allows you to add matrices in any order?

The commutativity of addition property, which states that the order of matrices in addition does not change the result.

### What is the result of multiplying a matrix by a scalar?

<p>Multiplying a matrix by a scalar multiplies each element of the matrix by that scalar.</p> Signup and view all the answers

### What is the name of a square matrix with all elements on the main diagonal equal to 1, and all other elements equal to 0?

<p>An identity matrix.</p> Signup and view all the answers

## Study Notes

### Matrices (9th Class BISE Lahore)

#### Definition and Notation

• A matrix is a rectangular array of numbers, symbols, or expressions arranged in rows and columns.
• Matrices are denoted by uppercase letters (e.g., A, B, C) and are enclosed in square brackets [].
• The size of a matrix is defined by the number of rows (m) and columns (n), and is written as m × n.

#### Types of Matrices

• Row Matrix: A matrix with only one row (1 × n).
• Column Matrix: A matrix with only one column (m × 1).
• Square Matrix: A matrix with an equal number of rows and columns (m × m).
• Diagonal Matrix: A square matrix with non-zero elements only on the main diagonal.
• Zero Matrix: A matrix with all elements equal to zero.

#### Operations on Matrices

• Addition: Matrices can be added element-wise, but only if they have the same size (m × n).
• Scalar Multiplication: A matrix can be multiplied by a scalar (number), which multiplies each element of the matrix by that number.

#### Properties of Matrix Operations

• Commutativity of Addition: The order of matrices in addition does not change the result.
• Associativity of Addition: The order in which matrices are added does not change the result.
• Distributivity of Scalar Multiplication: Scalar multiplication can be distributed over matrix addition.

#### Important Concepts

• Identity Matrix: A square matrix with all elements on the main diagonal equal to 1, and all other elements equal to 0.
• Invertible Matrix: A square matrix with an inverse matrix, denoted by A^(-1).

These notes provide a concise overview of matrices, covering definitions, types, operations, and important concepts, specifically tailored for 9th class students under the BISE Lahore curriculum.

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## Description

Learn the basics of matrices, including definitions, types, operations, and properties, tailored for 9th class students under the BISE Lahore curriculum. Understand the concepts of matrix addition, scalar multiplication, and identity matrices. Get ready to test your knowledge!

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