Maternal Mortality Quiz

WellBacklitWeasel avatar
WellBacklitWeasel
·
·
Download

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

38 Questions

What is the definition of maternal mortality?

The death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management

What is the difference between direct and indirect maternal death?

Direct maternal death is due to obstetric complications, while indirect maternal death is due to related diseases

What does the Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) depict?

The risk of maternal death per 100,000 live births within a given period

What does the Maternal Mortality Rate (MMRate) reflect?

The total number of maternal deaths in a given period per total women of reproductive age in the same period

Match the following with their definitions:

Maternal death = The death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management Direct maternal death = The death of the mother resulting from obstetric complications of pregnancy, labour, or the puerperium, and from interventions, omissions, incorrect treatment, or a chain of events resulting from any of these factors Indirect maternal death = A death not directly due to an obstetric cause, but as a result of previously existing disease, or a disease that developed during pregnancy, labour, or the puerperium, and which was aggravated by maternal physiological adaptation to pregnancy Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) = The total maternal deaths in a given period per 100, 000 live births within the same period, depicting the risk of death per live births within the period

Match the following with their calculations:

Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) = Uses live births due to lack of data on abortion or miscarriage and stillbirth Maternal Mortality Rate (MMRate) = Reflects the risk per births and also the general fertility rate in the population

Match the following with their examples:

Direct maternal death = Death from bleeding following delivery Indirect maternal death = Death from a disease that developed during pregnancy and was aggravated by maternal physiological adaptation Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) = Total maternal deaths in a given period per 100,000 live births within the same period Maternal Mortality Rate (MMRate) = Total number of maternal deaths in a given period per total women of reproductive age (15-49 years) in the same period

Match the following with their impact:

Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) = Depicts the risk of death per live births within the period Maternal Mortality Rate (MMRate) = Reflects the risk per births and also the general fertility rate in the population Direct maternal death = Results from obstetric complications of pregnancy, labour, or the puerperium Indirect maternal death = Results from previously existing disease or a disease that developed during pregnancy and was aggravated by maternal physiological adaptation

Match the following causes of maternal death with their corresponding conditions and treatments:

Postpartum hemorrhage = Causes 127,000 deaths annually and up to 50% of maternal deaths in developing countries Severe pre-eclampsia and eclampsia = Medical causes of maternal death and treatment Maternal sepsis = Medical causes of maternal death and treatment Prolonged/obstructed labor = Medical causes of maternal death and treatment

Match the following consequences of sexually transmitted infections with their specific medicines for treatment:

Infertility = Serious consequences of sexually transmitted infections Ectopic pregnancy = Serious consequences of sexually transmitted infections Cervical cancer = Serious consequences of sexually transmitted infections Specific medicines for treatment = Serious consequences of sexually transmitted infections

Match the following delays in the Three Delays Model with their key determinants of maternal mortality:

First delay = Linked to the low status of women, poor understanding of complications, and financial implications Second delay = Associated with distance to health centers, availability and cost of transportation, poor roads, and performance of the referral system Third delay = Relates to the quality of care, blood supplies, essential equipment, and the motivation of medical staff Key determinants of maternal mortality = Delays related to recognizing the need for transport, reaching the facility, and providing appropriate treatment

Maternal mortality includes deaths of women while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy.

True

Direct maternal death can result from obstetric complications of pregnancy, labour, or the puerperium, and from interventions, omissions, incorrect treatment, or a chain of events resulting from any of these factors.

True

Indirect maternal death is directly due to an obstetric cause, such as anaemia, malaria, TB, and AIDS.

False

The Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) depicts the risk of death per 100,000 live births within a given period.

True

True or false: Postpartum hemorrhage is the world's leading cause of maternal mortality?

True

True or false: The lifetime risk of maternal death is calculated by multiplying the maternal mortality rate by the length of the reproductive period, usually 35 years?

True

True or false: The first delay in the Three Delays Model is linked to the low status of women, poor understanding of complications, and financial implications?

True

True or false: The second delay in the Three Delays Model is associated with distance to health centers, availability and cost of transportation, poor roads, and performance of the referral system?

True

True or false: The third delay in the Three Delays Model relates to the quality of care, blood supplies, essential equipment, and the motivation of medical staff?

True

True or false: Sexually transmitted infections have serious consequences such as infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and cervical cancer?

True

True or false: The Three Delays Model has weaknesses in addressing family planning, non-communicable chronic diseases, and the postpartum period?

True

True or false: Local leadership, particularly involving mayors and Municipal Health Officers (MHOs), is crucial for innovating programs and improving health outcomes to address maternal mortality?

True

True or false: Maternal morbidity encompasses only physical illnesses related to pregnancy and childbirth?

False

True or false: Medical causes of maternal death and treatment include conditions like severe pre-eclampsia and eclampsia, maternal sepsis, and prolonged/obstructed labor, with corresponding essential medicines for treatment?

True

True or false: A systems approach to addressing maternal mortality involves six building blocks, including governance, human resources, financing, medicines, health information, and service delivery?

True

True or false: The Three Delays Model identifies delays related to recognizing the need for transport, reaching the facility, and providing appropriate treatment as key determinants of maternal mortality?

True

Maternal morbidity encompasses physical or ______ illnesses related to pregnancy and childbirth, including acute, postpartum, and chronic conditions

mental

The lifetime ______ of maternal death is calculated by multiplying the maternal mortality rate by the length of the reproductive period, usually 35 years

risk

Postpartum ______ is the world's leading cause of maternal mortality, causing 127,000 deaths annually and up to 50% of maternal deaths in developing countries

hemorrhage

Medical causes of maternal death and ______ include conditions like severe pre-eclampsia and eclampsia, maternal sepsis, and prolonged/obstructed labor, with corresponding essential medicines for ______

treatment

The first ______ is linked to the low status of women, poor understanding of complications, and financial implications

delay

The second ______ is associated with distance to health centers, availability and cost of transportation, poor roads, and performance of the referral system

delay

The third ______ relates to the quality of care, blood supplies, essential equipment, and the motivation of medical staff

delay

The Three Delays ______ has weaknesses in addressing primary and secondary prevention, family planning, non-communicable chronic diseases, and the postpartum period

Model

A systems ______ to addressing maternal mortality involves six building blocks, including governance, human resources, financing, medicines, health information, and service delivery

approach

Indirect maternal death is not directly due to an obstetric cause, such as ______, TB, and AIDS

malaria

The total number of maternal deaths in a given period per total women of reproductive age (15-49 years) in the same period. It reflects the risk per births and also the general fertility rate in the population

MMRate

Study Notes

Maternal Morbidity and Mortality: Key Points

  • Maternal morbidity encompasses physical or mental illnesses related to pregnancy and childbirth, including acute, postpartum, and chronic conditions.
  • The lifetime risk of maternal death is calculated by multiplying the maternal mortality rate by the length of the reproductive period, usually 35 years.
  • Postpartum hemorrhage is the world's leading cause of maternal mortality, causing 127,000 deaths annually and up to 50% of maternal deaths in developing countries.
  • Medical causes of maternal death and treatment include conditions like severe pre-eclampsia and eclampsia, maternal sepsis, and prolonged/obstructed labor, with corresponding essential medicines for treatment.
  • Sexually transmitted infections have serious consequences such as infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and cervical cancer, with specific medicines for treatment.
  • The Three Delays Model identifies delays related to recognizing the need for transport, reaching the facility, and providing appropriate treatment as key determinants of maternal mortality.
  • The first delay is linked to the low status of women, poor understanding of complications, and financial implications.
  • The second delay is associated with distance to health centers, availability and cost of transportation, poor roads, and performance of the referral system.
  • The third delay relates to the quality of care, blood supplies, essential equipment, and the motivation of medical staff.
  • The Three Delays Model has weaknesses in addressing primary and secondary prevention, family planning, non-communicable chronic diseases, and the postpartum period.
  • A systems approach to addressing maternal mortality involves six building blocks, including governance, human resources, financing, medicines, health information, and service delivery.
  • Local leadership, particularly involving mayors and Municipal Health Officers (MHOs), is crucial for innovating programs and improving health outcomes to address maternal mortality.

Maternal Morbidity and Mortality: Key Points

  • Maternal morbidity encompasses physical or mental illnesses related to pregnancy and childbirth, including acute, postpartum, and chronic conditions.
  • The lifetime risk of maternal death is calculated by multiplying the maternal mortality rate by the length of the reproductive period, usually 35 years.
  • Postpartum hemorrhage is the world's leading cause of maternal mortality, causing 127,000 deaths annually and up to 50% of maternal deaths in developing countries.
  • Medical causes of maternal death and treatment include conditions like severe pre-eclampsia and eclampsia, maternal sepsis, and prolonged/obstructed labor, with corresponding essential medicines for treatment.
  • Sexually transmitted infections have serious consequences such as infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and cervical cancer, with specific medicines for treatment.
  • The Three Delays Model identifies delays related to recognizing the need for transport, reaching the facility, and providing appropriate treatment as key determinants of maternal mortality.
  • The first delay is linked to the low status of women, poor understanding of complications, and financial implications.
  • The second delay is associated with distance to health centers, availability and cost of transportation, poor roads, and performance of the referral system.
  • The third delay relates to the quality of care, blood supplies, essential equipment, and the motivation of medical staff.
  • The Three Delays Model has weaknesses in addressing primary and secondary prevention, family planning, non-communicable chronic diseases, and the postpartum period.
  • A systems approach to addressing maternal mortality involves six building blocks, including governance, human resources, financing, medicines, health information, and service delivery.
  • Local leadership, particularly involving mayors and Municipal Health Officers (MHOs), is crucial for innovating programs and improving health outcomes to address maternal mortality.

Maternal Morbidity and Mortality: Key Points

  • Maternal morbidity encompasses physical or mental illnesses related to pregnancy and childbirth, including acute, postpartum, and chronic conditions.
  • The lifetime risk of maternal death is calculated by multiplying the maternal mortality rate by the length of the reproductive period, usually 35 years.
  • Postpartum hemorrhage is the world's leading cause of maternal mortality, causing 127,000 deaths annually and up to 50% of maternal deaths in developing countries.
  • Medical causes of maternal death and treatment include conditions like severe pre-eclampsia and eclampsia, maternal sepsis, and prolonged/obstructed labor, with corresponding essential medicines for treatment.
  • Sexually transmitted infections have serious consequences such as infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and cervical cancer, with specific medicines for treatment.
  • The Three Delays Model identifies delays related to recognizing the need for transport, reaching the facility, and providing appropriate treatment as key determinants of maternal mortality.
  • The first delay is linked to the low status of women, poor understanding of complications, and financial implications.
  • The second delay is associated with distance to health centers, availability and cost of transportation, poor roads, and performance of the referral system.
  • The third delay relates to the quality of care, blood supplies, essential equipment, and the motivation of medical staff.
  • The Three Delays Model has weaknesses in addressing primary and secondary prevention, family planning, non-communicable chronic diseases, and the postpartum period.
  • A systems approach to addressing maternal mortality involves six building blocks, including governance, human resources, financing, medicines, health information, and service delivery.
  • Local leadership, particularly involving mayors and Municipal Health Officers (MHOs), is crucial for innovating programs and improving health outcomes to address maternal mortality.

Test your knowledge of maternal mortality with this quiz. Learn about the definition of maternal death and direct maternal death as per the ICD-10 classification. Evaluate your understanding of the causes and factors contributing to maternal mortality.

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free

More Quizzes Like This

Use Quizgecko on...
Browser
Browser