Maharashtra Class 10 History: Colonial Rule Impact
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Maharashtra Class 10 History: Colonial Rule Impact

Explore the significant changes under British colonial rule in Maharashtra during the late eighteenth century until India's independence in 1947. Learn about administrative, political, and economic transformations, including key figures like Warren Hastings, Lord Cornwallis, and Mahatma Gandhi.

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Questions and Answers

Who introduced the Permanent Settlement Act fixing land revenue permanently in Maharashtra during the British Raj?

Lord Cornwallis

During the British Raj, what movement did Mahatma Gandhi lead in opposition to Churchill’s salt tax policy?

Civil Disobedience Movement

Which Governor General introduced the Courts of Judicature and Punjab Code during colonial rule in Maharashtra?

Warren Hastings

What was the aim of the Quit India Movement led by Mahatma Gandhi in Maharashtra during the British Raj?

<p>To remove the British from India</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which economic policy involved clearing forests, planting new crops, and providing employment opportunities during the British rule in Maharashtra?

<p>Canning Plan</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who protested against Imperialism and demanded complete Independence for India during the British rule in Maharashtra?

<p>Mahatma Gandhi</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which Governor General introduced the concept of Permanent Settlement Act in Maharashtra during the British rule?

<p>Cornwallis</p> Signup and view all the answers

What social reforms were introduced by Governor Warren Hastings in Maharashtra during British rule?

<p>Court reforms</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the focus of Canning Plan that was implemented in Maharashtra during British rule?

<p>Forest clearing and new crop cultivation</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

In the Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Education's class ten history textbook, students learn about various aspects of colonial rule in Maharashtra during British Raj from the late eighteenth century until India gained independence in 1947. This period marked significant changes in social, economic, political, and administrative spheres, with shifts in governance from Company rule to Crown rule. Some key points covered in the textbook include:

Administrative Changes: Starting with Governor Gartner Warren Hastings, who introduced some important laws, institutions, and practices like Courts of Judicature and Punjab Code, later Lord Cornwallis was appointed Governor General in 1786, introducing Permanent Settlement Act which fixed land revenue permanently, benefiting Zamindars.

Political Reforms: Mahatma Gandhi led the Indian Civil Disobedience Movement against Churchill’s salt tax policy in 1930; he also protested against Imperialism and demanded complete Independence for India. The Quit India Movement occurred between August 9th and October 15th in 1942 under Mahatma Gandhi, aimed towards getting Britain out of India.

Economic Policy: Different economic policies were implemented by different Governors and Viceroy, such as the Canning Plan, which involved clearing away forests, planting new crops and giving employment opportunities for people residing there. Later, the Government decided to build railway lines throughout India due to British demand for cheap cotton yarn exported from Bombay City.

In summary, the colonial period brought major transformations in administration, politics, economics, and other areas affecting everyday life in Maharashtra. Students studying this course need to understand these impacts deeply to comprehend how modern-day society came into being after centuries of struggle among Indians themselves and their foreign rulers alike.

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