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Ch 10: Loss of biodiversity

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75 Questions

What is the main threat posed by acid mine drainage?

Disruption of water quality and aquatic ecosystems

Which activity significantly impacts wildlife populations and biodiversity?

Bushmeat trade

What is the main reason for targeting elephants in poaching incidents?

For their tusks

How does urbanization impact ecological processes?

Disrupts ecological processes

What is the primary effect of alien invasive plants on native vegetation?

Reducing biodiversity

Which method is used to manage alien plant invasions according to the text?

Biological control

What conservation action can help promote biodiversity conservation and ecosystem resilience?

Efforts to restore degraded habitats

How do legislative measures contribute to addressing biodiversity loss?

Enabling habitat protection

What does raising public awareness about biodiversity value aim to achieve?

Fostering environmental stewardship

What is one potential impact of poaching on elephant social structures?

Altering social structures

What is the main cause of biodiversity loss according to the text?

Habitat destruction

How do farming methods contribute to habitat destruction and biodiversity loss?

Lead to soil degradation and loss of plant species

What impact do luxury golf estate developments have on biodiversity?

Result in habitat destruction and loss of biodiversity

Why are mining operations considered harmful to biodiversity?

Cause habitat destruction, soil contamination, and pollution

What term is used when urban areas expand and absorb the surrounding rural landscape?

Urban sprawl

How does habitat destruction affect ecosystems?

Disrupts ecosystems and reduces habitat quality

Which farming practice is detrimental to soil health and biodiversity?

Monoculture farming

How does overgrazing contribute to habitat degradation?

Results in soil degradation and loss of habitat diversity

What is the impact of deforestation on biodiversity?

Loss of habitat and decrease in biodiversity

How are alien plant invasions harmful to ecosystems?

Disrupt native plant communities and reduce biodiversity

Why do poachers target rhinos?

For their horns

What is a significant threat to biodiversity posed by urbanization?

Pollution and habitat fragmentation

How does the bushmeat trade impact biodiversity?

Threatens biodiversity through unsustainable hunting

Why are alien invasive plants harmful to ecosystems?

Disrupt native vegetation and reduce habitat suitability

What impact does elephant poaching have on ecosystem stability?

Undermines stability

Which method is NOT used to manage alien plant invasions?

Ecosystem modification

How can biodiversity be promoted through conservation efforts and sustainable practices?

Restoring degraded habitats

Why are endangered species provided with refuges in protected areas?

To safeguard biodiversity

How does community engagement contribute to effective biodiversity conservation?

Empowers local communities

Why is raising public awareness about biodiversity important?

To foster a culture of environmental stewardship

How does habitat destruction affect biodiversity?

It decreases biodiversity by disrupting natural habitats and diminishing available resources.

Why do monoculture farming practices contribute to habitat degradation?

They lead to soil degradation, erosion, and the loss of indigenous plant species.

What environmental issues are associated with luxury golf estate developments encroaching on ecologically sensitive areas?

Habitat destruction, loss of biodiversity, and increased pollution.

How do alien plant invasions affect natural ecosystems?

They outcompete native plants and disrupt ecosystem balance.

What is one consequence of surface and underground mining operations on biodiversity?

Threatening the survival of plant and animal species through habitat destruction and pollution.

How do overgrazing and monoculture farming practices contribute to land degradation?

They lead to soil degradation, erosion, and loss of diversity by focusing on a single crop or excessive grazing.

Why is habitat fragmentation a concern in biodiversity conservation?

It disrupts ecosystems by isolating populations, leading to reduced genetic diversity and species survival.

What impact does poaching have on biodiversity and ecosystems?

It disrupts food chains and can lead to imbalances in ecosystems.

How do urbanization and mining activities contribute differently to biodiversity loss?

Urbanization leads to habitat destruction, whereas mining causes pollution.

What role does soil contamination play in the loss of biodiversity?

Soil contamination threatens biodiversity by negatively affecting plant and animal species.

What impact does surface and underground mining operations have on biodiversity?

Threatening the survival of plant and animal species

How do luxury golf estate developments affect biodiversity and ecosystems?

Result in habitat destruction and increased pollution

Why does overgrazing contribute to land degradation?

Causes soil degradation and erosion

What is the primary effect of monoculture farming practices on habitat diversity?

Reducing habitat diversity

How do habitat destruction and fragmentation impact ecosystem stability?

Make ecosystems less hospitable for diverse species

What environmental issue arises from luxury golf estate developments encroaching on ecologically sensitive areas?

Habitat destruction and increased pollution

How do human activities such as farming, urbanization, and mining contribute to habitat destruction?

By reducing resource availability

What role does habitat fragmentation play in decreasing biodiversity?

Diminishing species interactions

How does habitat destruction caused by urbanization affect ecosystem functioning?

Disrupts ecosystem stability and functionality

Why is biodiversity loss considered a critical issue in ecosystems?

It disrupts ecosystem stability and functioning

What is a major challenge in managing alien plant invasions, despite various control measures?

Limited success in eradicating alien invasive plants

Which action plays a vital role in ensuring sustainable development practices and addressing root causes of biodiversity loss?

Empowering indigenous peoples in resource management decisions

How do protected areas like national parks contribute to biodiversity conservation?

By providing essential refuges for endangered species and habitats

Why is education and awareness crucial for fostering environmental stewardship?

To instill a culture of responsible behavior towards nature

How does bushmeat trade pose a significant threat to biodiversity in tropical regions?

By hunting large mammals for subsistence and commercial purposes

What is a negative consequence of poaching on elephant social structures?

Disruption and alteration of elephant social dynamics

How can habitat restoration efforts contribute to ecosystem resilience?

By promoting biodiversity conservation and habitat rehabilitation

Why is enacting and enforcing legislation essential for biodiversity conservation?

To regulate land use, wildlife trade, and habitat protection

What is a key consequence of rapid urban sprawl on the environment?

Impedance of animal migration patterns

How do alien invasive plants contribute to disrupting ecological processes?

By outcompeting native plants and disrupting natural balance

What impact does poaching have on elephant social structures?

Disrupts elephant social structures

How does bushmeat trade affect biodiversity in tropical regions?

It significantly threatens biodiversity by targeting large mammals

What is the primary reason behind Rhino poaching incidents?

Rhinoceros horns are valuable in traditional Asian medicine markets

What is one of the key challenges in managing alien plant invasions?

Unforeseen consequences can arise from control methods

How do urbanization and mining activities contribute to biodiversity loss?

They convert natural habitats, disrupt ecological processes, and fragment habitats

Why is habitat destruction considered a leading cause of biodiversity loss?

It disrupts natural habitats and diminishes available resources.

How do luxury golf estate developments contribute to habitat destruction?

By encroaching on ecologically sensitive areas and using chemical inputs.

Which factor promotes land degradation by reducing habitat diversity?

Overgrazing in monoculture farming

What is the primary threat posed by alien plant invasions to biodiversity?

Decrease in available resources for native species

How do human activities contribute to the ongoing loss of biodiversity?

Through factors like habitat destruction, poaching, and alien plant invasions.

Why is poaching a significant threat to biodiversity according to the text?

It disrupts ecological processes

How does habitat restoration contribute to biodiversity conservation and ecosystem resilience?

By establishing wildlife corridors

Why is controlling alien plant invasions important in biodiversity conservation?

To displace native flora and fauna

What is the primary purpose of establishing protected areas like national parks?

To provide essential refuges for endangered species

How does education and awareness contribute to biodiversity conservation?

By fostering environmental stewardship

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