Literary Movements of the Postmodern Period (1914-1945)
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Literary Movements of the Postmodern Period (1914-1945)

Test your knowledge of the literary movements and authors that defined the postmodern period, including T.S. Eliot, Morrison, Shaw, and more. Explore the rise of multiculturalism and Magic Realism in this fascinating era of literature.

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Questions and Answers

Which of the following is a characteristic of metaphysical poetry?

Use of colloquial diction

Which poem is an example of metaphysical poetry?

The Flea

What is the term for the use of objects or symbols to represent abstract ideas or concepts?

Symbolism

Which literary period spanned from 1914 to 1945?

<p>The Postmodern Period</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following poets is NOT typically classified as a metaphysical poet?

<p>Percy Bysshe Shelley</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary concern of metaphysical poetry?

<p>Questioning the existence of God</p> Signup and view all the answers

What literary movement is characterized by its use of irony and philosophy?

<p>Metaphysical Poetry</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which writer is known for relaxing the strict use of meter in poetry?

<p>John Donne</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a characteristic of authors during the Postmodern Period?

<p>They shared ideas and intentions.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which literary movement is not mentioned in the text?

<p>Symbolism</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was a result of Multiculturalism during the Postmodern Period?

<p>An increase in the canonization of non-Caucasian writers.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which literary movement emerged in response to the disillusionment with World War I?

<p>Modernism</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which American writer is associated with the Transcendentalist movement?

<p>Ralph Waldo Emerson</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which literary period is characterized by a focus on nature, imagination, and individuality?

<p>Romantic Period</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who is a notable example of a Gothic writer in America?

<p>Edgar Allan Poe</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which literary movement idealized the morality of the medieval period?

<p>Pre-Raphaelites</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which dominant literary fashion was characterized by a focus on everyday life and reality?

<p>Realism</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Metaphysical Poets

  • The best-known metaphysical poets are John Donne, Henry Vaughan, Andrew Marvell, and George Herbert.
  • Characteristics of metaphysical poetry include:
    • Spoken quality of the poetry
    • Colloquial diction
    • Philosophical exploration
    • New and original conceits
    • Irony
    • Exploration of questions such as "Does God exist?"

Metaphysical Poem Examples

  • "The Flea" is a common example of metaphysical poem
  • Other examples include "The Collar" by George Herbert and "The Retreat" by Henry Vaughan
  • "To His Coy Mistress" by Andrew Marvell is another example of metaphysical poetry

Symbolism

  • Symbolism refers to things that are meaningful in our life
  • Physical symbols such as a smile, hug, or threat have meaning that hinges on context
  • Examples of symbolism in literature include:
    • The green light in "The Great Gatsby"
    • Snakes in the Harry Potter series

The Postmodern Period

  • The postmodern period spans from 1914 to 1945
  • Notable writers of this period include:
    • T.S. Eliot
    • Morrison
    • Shaw
    • Beckett
    • Stoppard
    • Fowles
    • Calvino
    • Ginsberg
    • Pynchon
  • Multiculturalism led to the canonization of non-Caucasian writers
  • Magic Realist flourished with surrealistic writings embroidered in conventions of realism

Literary Movements

  • A literary movement is a group of literary works created around the same time
  • Works include essays, poems, and other forms
  • Same writer working in multiple forms is common
  • Authors from various walks of life find themselves writing about the same subjects
  • Authors commonly have the same way and intentions

Types of Literary Movements

  • Metaphysical poetry peaked in 17th century England and Europe
  • This movement explored everything from irony to philosophy
  • During this period, poets relaxed their strict use of meter and explored new ideas

History of Metaphysical Poetry

  • The word metaphysical was used by writers to describe 17th-century poets
  • These poets are noted for their "unnaturalness"
  • T.S. Eliot is one of the many 20th-century literary critics who helped establish the reputation

The Romantic Period

  • The romantic period spans from 1790 to 1830
  • Poets in this period often wrote about nature, imagination, and individuality
  • Notable romantic poets include:
    • Coleridge
    • Blake
    • Keats
    • Shalley
    • Johann von Goethe
    • Jane Austen

The Victorian Period

  • The Victorian period spans from 1832 to 1901
  • Writing from this period includes sentimental novels
  • Notable Victorian writers include:
    • Elizabeth Browning
    • Alfred Lord
    • Tennyson
    • Matthew Arnold
    • Robert Browning
    • Charles Dickens
    • Bronte sisters
  • Pre-Raphaelites idealized the morality of the medieval period
  • The end of this period is marked by the intellectual movements of Aestheticism

The Modern Period

  • The modern period spans from 1914 to 1945
  • Notable modernist writers in Britain include:
    • Yeats
    • Seamus Heaney
    • Dylan Thomas
    • Auden
    • Virginia Woolf
    • Wilfred Owen
  • Notable modernist writers in America include:
    • Robert Frost
    • Flannery O'Connor
    • The lost generation writers
    • The Harlem Renaissance writers, including Baldwin and Ellison
  • Realism was the dominant fashion during this era, but disillusionment with the world wars led to new experimentation

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