Literary Formalism Principles
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Literary Formalism Principles

Explore the principles of Formalism, a literary theory that focuses on the structure and form of literary texts. Learn about its key features, including the analysis of literary devices and aesthetic features.

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Questions and Answers

Which of the following is NOT a key feature of Formalism?

Historical and Cultural Analysis

According to Formalism, what is the primary goal of literature?

To renew our perception of the world

Which of the following is a key figure associated with Formalism?

Roman Jakobson

What is the primary focus of Formalist analysis?

<p>The literary devices and techniques used in the text</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following best describes the approach of Formalism?

<p>Objective and scientific</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for making the familiar seem strange to enhance perception?

<p>Defamiliarization</p> Signup and view all the answers

According to Formalism, how should a text be analyzed?

<p>As an independent entity, without reference to external factors</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary emphasis of Formalist analysis?

<p>The literary devices and techniques used in the text</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Overview of Formalism

  • Originated in Russia in the early 20th century
  • Focuses on the form and structure of literary texts, rather than their content or historical context

Key Features of Formalism

  • Analyzes literary devices, narrative techniques, and structural elements of texts
  • Views literature as a set of linguistic structures and aesthetic features

Defamiliarization

  • Introduced by Viktor Shklovsky, it refers to making the familiar seem strange to enhance perception
  • Literature is seen as a means to renew our perception of the world

Autonomy of the Text

  • The text is considered an independent entity that should be analyzed without reference to external factors
  • External factors include the author's biography or historical context

Emphasis on Literary Devices

  • Focuses on elements like imagery, metaphor, sound patterns, and narrative techniques
  • Seeks to understand how these elements contribute to the overall meaning and effect of the text

Scientific Approach

  • Treats literary analysis as a scientific endeavor, using precise terminology and methods
  • Strives for objectivity in the analysis of texts

Key Figures of Formalism

  • Viktor Shklovsky
  • Roman Jakobson
  • Boris Eikhenbaum

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