Liquid Properties Quiz
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Liquid Properties Quiz

Test your knowledge on liquid properties with this quiz. From surface tension to viscosity, this quiz covers key concepts in fluid mechanics.

Created by
@ReverentSerpent

Questions and Answers

Which type of crystal is known for having atoms connected with covalent bonds?

Covalent Crystals

Which type of crystal is characterized by a network of molecules held by weak London dispersion forces, dipole-dipole forces, or hydrogen bonds?

Molecular Crystals

What property of ionic crystals makes them very brittle?

Different-sized particles

Which type of crystal is known for being a good conductor only after liquefying?

<p>Ionic Crystals</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which crystal type contains metal atoms held together by intermolecular forces?

<p>Metallic Crystals</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why are molecular crystals poor conductors of heat and electricity?

<p>Weak intermolecular forces</p> Signup and view all the answers

What contributes to the high melting points of covalent crystals?

<p>Covalent bonds between atoms</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which crystal type is characterized by being malleable and ductile?

<p>Metallic Crystals</p> Signup and view all the answers

What makes metallic crystals good conductors of heat and electricity?

<p>Metal atoms connected by IMF</p> Signup and view all the answers

What property leads to the brittleness of ionic crystals?

<p>Different-sized particles</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Properties of Liquids

  • Surface tension is the measure of the elastic force in the surface of a liquid.
  • Vapor pressure is the pressure exerted by the gas in equilibrium with a liquid in a closed container at a given temperature.
  • Viscosity is a measure of the resistance of fluid to flow.
  • Boiling point is the temperature at which the liquid converts into a gas.
  • Capillary action is the tendency of a liquid to rise in narrow tubes or be drawn into small openings.
  • Molar heat of vaporization is the energy required to vaporize 1 mole of a liquid at a given temperature.

Types of Solids

  • Crystalline solids have a crystal lattice structure, with a combination of unit cells forming a network.
  • Amorphous solids have a random orientation of particles.
  • Crystalline solids have distinct melting points, are generally incompressible, and have a repeating geometric structure.
  • Amorphous solids melt gradually over a range of temperature, can be compressed, and have a random arrangement of particles.

Properties of Crystalline Solids

  • Crystal lattice is a combination of unit cells forming a network.
  • Unit cell is the smallest repeating structure.
  • Crystalline solids have distinct melting points because applying heat breaks the bonds at the same time.
  • They are generally incompressible because of the repeating geometric structure.

Properties of Amorphous Solids

  • Amorphous solids have a random orientation of particles.
  • They melt gradually over a range of temperature because the bonds do not break at once.
  • They can be appreciably compressed because of the random arrangement of particles.

Types of Crystals

  • Ionic crystals are made of different-sized particles, have high melting points and boiling points, and are not good conductors of heat and electricity as solids.
  • Molecular crystals are held by weak London dispersion forces, dipole-dipole forces or hydrogen bonds, have low melting points, and are poor conductors of heat and electricity.
  • Covalent crystals are extremely strong and very hard to break, have high melting points, and are poor conductors of heat and electricity.
  • Metallic crystals are good conductors of heat and electricity, vary in melting points and hardness, and are malleable and ductile.

Examples of Solids

  • Crystalline solids: Sugar, Salt, Ice, Diamond, MSG
  • Amorphous solids: Glass, Plastics, Cotton Candy, Coal
  • Ionic crystals: NaCl, LiF, MgO
  • Molecular crystals: Sucrose, Ice, Carbon Dioxide (Dry Ice), Sulfur Dioxide
  • Covalent crystals: Diamonds, Graphite, Quartz
  • Metallic crystals:

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