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# Linear Equations in Algebra

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@UserFriendlyWeasel

### What is the main goal of solving an equation?

To find the value of the variable x

3

### Match the following types of equations with their methods of solution:

Linear Equations = Addition/Subtraction Method or Multiplication/Division Method Quadratic Equations = Factoring Method or Quadratic Formula Simple Equations = Adding, Subtracting, Multiplying, or Dividing both sides by a value Equations with Fractions = Multiplying both sides by the Least Common Multiple (LCM) of the denominators

### All equations can be solved using the addition/subtraction method.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

### The equation 1/2x + 1/3 = 2/3 can be solved by multiplying both sides by the ______________ of the denominators.

<p>Least Common Multiple (LCM)</p> Signup and view all the answers

## Study Notes

### Linear Equations

#### Definition

• A linear equation is an equation in which the highest power of the variable(s) is 1.
• It can be written in the form: ax + by = c, where a, b, and c are constants, and x and y are variables.

#### Characteristics

• The graph of a linear equation is a straight line.
• Linear equations have one solution, no solution, or infinitely many solutions.
• The slope of a linear equation is constant.

#### Types of Linear Equations

• Simple Linear Equations: Equations of the form ax = b, where a and b are constants.
• Linear Equations in Two Variables: Equations of the form ax + by = c, where a, b, and c are constants.
• Linear Equations in Multiple Variables: Equations of the form ax + by + cz = d, where a, b, c, and d are constants.

#### Solving Linear Equations

• Addition and Subtraction: Isolate the variable by adding or subtracting the same value to both sides of the equation.
• Multiplication and Division: Isolate the variable by multiplying or dividing both sides of the equation by the same non-zero value.
• Graphing: Use the graph of the equation to find the solution.

#### Applications of Linear Equations

• Real-World Problems: Linear equations can be used to model real-world problems, such as cost-benefit analysis, distance-time problems, and work-rate problems.
• Science and Engineering: Linear equations are used to describe the laws of physics, chemistry, and engineering, such as Ohm's Law, Hooke's Law, and the Ideal Gas Law.

#### Important Concepts

• Slope-Intercept Form: The form of a linear equation, y = mx + b, where m is the slope and b is the y-intercept.
• Standard Form: The form of a linear equation, ax + by = c, where a, b, and c are constants.
• Point-Slope Form: The form of a linear equation, y - y1 = m(x - x1), where m is the slope and (x1, y1) is a point on the line.

### Linear Equations

#### Definition

• Linear equations are equations where the highest power of the variable(s) is 1.
• They can be written in the form: ax + by = c, where a, b, and c are constants, and x and y are variables.

#### Characteristics

• The graph of a linear equation is a straight line.
• Linear equations have one solution, no solution, or infinitely many solutions.
• The slope of a linear equation is constant.

#### Types of Linear Equations

• Simple Linear Equations: ax = b, where a and b are constants.
• Linear Equations in Two Variables: ax + by = c, where a, b, and c are constants.
• Linear Equations in Multiple Variables: ax + by + cz = d, where a, b, c, and d are constants.

#### Solving Linear Equations

• To isolate the variable, add or subtract the same value to both sides of the equation (Addition and Subtraction method).
• To isolate the variable, multiply or divide both sides of the equation by the same non-zero value (Multiplication and Division method).
• The graph of the equation can be used to find the solution (Graphing method).

#### Applications of Linear Equations

• Linear equations are used to model real-world problems, such as cost-benefit analysis, distance-time problems, and work-rate problems.
• They are used to describe the laws of physics, chemistry, and engineering, such as Ohm's Law, Hooke's Law, and the Ideal Gas Law.

#### Important Concepts

• Slope-Intercept Form: y = mx + b, where m is the slope and b is the y-intercept.
• Standard Form: ax + by = c, where a, b, and c are constants.
• Point-Slope Form: y - y1 = m(x - x1), where m is the slope and (x1, y1) is a point on the line.

### Equations Finding x

• An equation is a statement that says two mathematical expressions are equal, consisting of a left-hand side (LHS) and a right-hand side (RHS) separated by an equal sign (=).

### Types of Equations

• Linear equations: highest power of the variable (x) is 1.
• Quadratic equations: highest power of the variable (x) is 2.
• Cubic equations: highest power of the variable (x) is 3.

### Linear Equations

• Addition/Subtraction Method: add or subtract the same value to both sides of the equation to isolate the variable (x).
• Multiplication/Division Method: multiply or divide both sides of the equation by the same value to isolate the variable (x).

• Factoring Method: express the equation as a product of two binomials and set each factor equal to zero to find the solutions.
• Quadratic Formula: x = (-b ± √(b^2 - 4ac)) / 2a, where a, b, and c are the coefficients of the quadratic equation.

### Special Cases

• Simple Equations: can be solved by adding, subtracting, multiplying, or dividing both sides by a value.
• Equations with Fractions: multiply both sides by the least common multiple (LCM) of the denominators to solve.

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## Description

Understanding the definition, characteristics, and types of linear equations in algebra, including simple linear equations, their graphs, and solutions.

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