Islamic Calendar and Ramadan Fasting

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In which lunar month does Ramadan fall?

The ninth lunar month

To whom was the Holy Qur'an revealed during the month of Ramadan?

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)

What is the significance of fasting (sawm) in Islam?

All of the above

What is the significance of the ninth lunar cycle in the revelation of the Qur'an?

It is the month when the Angel Gabriel commenced the revelation to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)

What is the purpose of fasting during Ramadan, beyond just abstaining from food and drink?

All of the above

What is the primary purpose of fasting during Ramadan for Muslims?

To become more grateful for Allah's blessings

What is the significance of the last 10 nights of Ramadan, particularly Laylat al-Qadr?

It is a time for extra prayer and reflection

What is the purpose of Zakat al-Fitrana, the compulsory payment made during Ramadan?

To support the poor and needy

What is the primary purpose of Sadaqah, the voluntary act of giving, during Ramadan?

To earn rewards in the afterlife

What is the significance of Eid ul-Fitr, the celebration that follows the month of Ramadan?

It is a day of joy, gratitude, and unity

Study Notes

Ramadan in the Islamic Calendar

  • Ramadan falls on the ninth lunar month in the Islamic Calendar.

Significance of Ramadan

  • Believed to be the month when the Holy Qur’an was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as guidance for all mankind.
  • The Angel Gabriel commenced the month of revelation to the Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) on the ninth lunar cycle of the year, making it a significant month for Muslims.

Fasting in Ramadan

  • Fasting (sawm) is one of the Five Pillars of Islam.
  • Involves refraining from food, drink, sinful acts, and bad intentions between sunrise and sunset.
  • The beginning of a fast is initiated with a dua (prayer) of niyah (intention).
  • Eating dates is a popular way to break the fast.

Charity and Generosity in Ramadan

  • Ramadan is an auspicious month for generosity and giving.
  • The sawab (reward) for charity and benevolence in this month are immense.
  • Many people choose to commit to Ramadan donations in this month.

Purpose of Fasting in Ramadan

  • Muslims fast to become more compassionate towards those less fortunate than them.
  • Fasting teaches Muslims perseverance, dedication, and self-control.
  • Fasting helps Muslims to cleanse their minds and bodies and bring them closer to Allah (SWT) through prayer.

Eid ul-Fitr and the Last 10 Nights of Ramadan

  • Ramadan concludes with Eid ul-Fitr, a celebration that follows the period of fasting.
  • The last 10 nights of Ramadan hold special power, particularly Laylat al-Qadr (the Night of Power).
  • Giving charity during the last 10 nights of Ramadan brings exceptional rewards equal to those received by doing 1,000 months of good deeds.

Zakat al-Fitrana and Sadaqah

  • Zakat al-Fitrana is a compulsory payment that every Muslim must make during Ramadan, before the commencement of the first Eid prayers.
  • Sadaqah is when a Muslim does any number of good deeds and expects nothing in return.
  • Sadaqah can include helping someone, volunteering, or providing aid to those in need.

Learn about the Islamic Calendar, the significance of the month of Ramadan, and the practices of fasting in Islam. Understand the importance of Ramadan as the month of revelation of the Holy Qur’an and its role as one of the Five Pillars of Islam.

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