Islam Quiz - year 8

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Doniel Karp
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12 Questions

Who is considered the most important prophet in Islam?

Muhammad

What is the meaning of the word 'Islam'?

submission

What are the holy books that Muslims believe in?

The Qur’an, The Torah (Tawrat), The Gospels(Injeel) and The Psalms/Tehillim (Zaboor)

How many Muslims are estimated to be living in Britain?

approximately 3.9 million

What was the key event in Muslim history known as when Muhammad and his followers left Mecca for Medina?

The Hegira (flight) of Muhammad

Who was one of the next leader of the Muslims after Muhammad's death?

Caliph Omar

What was the Pact of Omar and how did it affect non-Muslims living under Muslim rule?

The Pact of Omar required non-Muslims to pay certain taxes to Muslims and restricted them from practicing any other religion in public, but allowed them to live peacefully alongside their Muslim neighbors.

How did Muhammad's relationship with the Jewish tribes in Medina change over time?

Initially hoping for a warm welcome, Muhammad later launched an attack against the Jews and others who did not accept Islam, establishing Islam as the dominant religion of Medina.

What are some of the similarities between Islamic and Jewish beliefs?

Certain times of the day to pray, dietary restrictions, modest dress, and avoidance of images in places of worship.

What role did the Angel Jibreel play in Muhammad's life according to the text?

The Angel Jibreel came to Muhammad, taught him the words of the Qur’an, and informed him that he was a prophet of Allah.

What did Muhammad state as his belief in regards to God?

Muhammad stated his belief in one God: 'There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is his prophet.'

Whom did Muhammad believe he was descended from, and through which son?

Muhammad believed he was descended from Ibrahim (Abraham) through his son Ishmael, not Isaac.

Study Notes

Islam and Muslims

  • Islam is the second largest religion in the world, with approximately 1.5 billion followers.
  • The word "Islam" comes from an Arabic word meaning "submission," emphasizing the idea of submitting one's will to Allah's will.
  • Muslims believe in one God, referred to as Allah in Arabic.

Beliefs and Pillars

  • Muslims believe in the holy books of the Qur'an, Torah, Gospels, and Psalms.
  • They believe in prophets, with Muhammad being the most important prophet in Islam.
  • Muslims believe in the Five Pillars of Islam, which are essential practices for deepening their understanding of Allah and increasing spirituality.

Prophet Muhammad

  • Muhammad was born in 570 CE in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, and was orphaned at a young age.
  • At 40, he received messages from Allah through the angel Gabriel (Jibril).
  • He started preaching and teaching Islam, gaining a group of followers, but faced persecution, leading to the Hegira (flight) to Medina.
  • Muhammad was influenced by Jewish beliefs, claiming descent from Abraham through Ishmael, not Isaac.

Comparison with Judaism

  • Muslims believe in the Torah and other books from the Tanach, like Jews.
  • There are similarities between Islamic and Jewish beliefs, such as prayer times, dietary restrictions, and modest dress.
  • Muhammad's role is equivalent to Abraham and Moses in Judaism, with a focus on one God and revelations.

Spread of Islam

  • After fleeing Mecca, Muhammad went to Medina, where he encountered three Jewish tribes.
  • Initially, he hoped for a warm welcome, but the Jews rejected Islam, leading to conflicts and the eventual establishment of Islam as the dominant religion in Medina.
  • Caliph Omar, one of the next leaders, spread Islam through conquests in the Middle East, North Africa, and Asia.

The Quran and Muslim Rule

  • The Quran was written down by Caliph Othman after being passed down orally.
  • Over time, Muslims reinterpreted passages of the Quran.
  • The Pact of Omar allowed Jews and Christians to live under Muslim rule, but required them to pay taxes and restrict their public religious practices.

Test your knowledge of Islam and the Muslim faith with this quiz! From the basic principles and beliefs to historical figures and practices, see how much you know about one of the world's major religions.

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