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Introduction to Web Development

Learn about the basics of web development, including HTTP, URLs, and web design principles. Understand how these concepts work together to create a functioning website.

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Questions and Answers

What is the main purpose of a URL?

To specify the location of a resource available electronically

What is the primary focus of back-end developers?

The infrastructure of a website or web application

What is the term used to describe the visual look of a website and its functionality from a user's perspective?

Web design

What is HTTP used for?

<p>To govern the requests and responses between the browser and web server</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the process of creating a website's intended design using programming languages?

<p>Web development</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of a full-stack developer?

<p>To work on both front-end and back-end development</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is required for advanced web functionality?

<p>Web scripts and special programs</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of a frontend designer?

<p>To design and develop the user interface of a website</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a key aspect of web design that requires attention?

<p>Presentation and design</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary focus of an information designer?

<p>Organizing content and its accessibility</p> Signup and view all the answers

What skills do people who handle production need to have?

<p>HTML, style sheets, and scripting or programming skills</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary concern of interface design?

<p>The usability of a website</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of a web programmer?

<p>To handle the programming and scripting of a website</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is an example of multimedia elements that can be added to a website?

<p>Sound, video, and Flash movies</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a key task involved in the web design process?

<p>Creating and troubleshooting documents and style sheets</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who needs to communicate well with information and interface designers?

<p>Web programmers</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary role of a graphic designer in web design?

<p>Designing the visual aspects of a website</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is another term for an information designer?

<p>Information architect</p> Signup and view all the answers

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Study Notes

HTTP and URLs

  • HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) is a communication standard governing requests and responses between browsers and web servers.
  • A URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is a standard way to specify the location of a resource available electronically.
  • Each document has its own special address called a URL.

Web Design and Development

  • Web design is the visual look and functionality of a website from a user's perspective.
  • Web designers work within design software like Figma or Adobe XD to create visually appealing user experiences.
  • Web development is the process of coding a website to create the intended design using programming languages like CSS, HTML, JavaScript, Python, Ruby on Rails, and more.
  • There are back-end developers (focus on infrastructure), front-end developers (focus on functionality), and full-stack developers (work on both front-end and back-end).

Web Development Roles

  • Web programmers (also called developers) handle scripting and programming for advanced web functionality.
  • Developers who specialize in programming may never touch a graphic file or have input on how the pages look.
  • They need to communicate well with information and interface designers to ensure their scripts meet intended goals and user expectations.

Web Design Disciplines

  • Frontend design refers to any aspect of the design process that appears in or relates directly to the browser.
  • Web design combines disciplines, including:
    • Graphic design
    • Information design
    • Interface design
    • HTML, style sheet, and graphic production
    • Scripting and programming
    • Multimedia

Graphic Design

  • Graphic designers make decisions regarding presentation and design on a web page.
  • They may never need to learn backend programming languages.

Information Design

  • Information design is the organization of content and how you get to it.
  • Information designers are also called "information architects".

Interface Design

  • Interface design focuses on how the page works.
  • It involves the concept of usability, how easily visitors can accomplish their goals on the site, and the general experience of using the site.

Document Production

  • Document production involves creating and troubleshooting documents, style sheets, scripting, and images that make up a site.

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