Introduction to Linux Operating System

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13 Questions

What is the main objective of the course mentioned in Chapter 1?

To learn basic principles of the Linux system

What is the role of the CPU in a computer system?

Responsible for processing and executing instructions

What does the software in a computer system include?

Operating system software and application software

What is the function of the main memory in a computer system?

Providing fast storage accessed directly by the CPU

Which component is considered part of the hardware in a computer system?

Network card

What does an Operating System (OS) provide in a computer system?

Interface between users and computer hardware

What is the main function of an operating system?

Controlling the execution of all other programs and abstracting away from complexity

What does an Operating System do for memory management?

Keeps track of main memory, allocates memory when a process requests it, and de-allocates memory when a process no longer needs it

Which one of the following activities does an OS perform for processor management?

Keeps tracks of processor and status of process, allocates the processor to a process, and de-allocates processor when a process is no longer required

What is one of the key activities an OS does for device management?

Keeps track of all the devices and decides which process gets the device, when, and for how much time

What are some of the activities an OS performs for file management?

Keeps track of information, location, status etc., decides who gets the resources, allocates the resources, and de-allocates the resources

Which statement about Microsoft Windows is true?

It is preloaded on most new PC hardware and has had several versions and updates

Which operating system is a proprietary OS developed and marketed by Apple?

Apple macOS

Study Notes

  • The main goal of the course is to enable users to work on a Linux operating system.
  • A computer system is made up of hardware and software.
  • Hardware includes the CPU, memory unit, and input/output devices.
  • Software includes the operating system and application software.
  • An operating system (OS) acts as an interface between the user and computer hardware.
  • Functions of an OS include memory management, processor management, device management, file management, and security.
  • Memory management involves keeping track of memory usage and allocation.
  • Processor management includes allocating the CPU to processes.
  • Device management involves managing access to devices.
  • File management includes keeping track of file information and allocation.
  • Security features of an OS include preventing unauthorized access.
  • Popular operating systems include Microsoft Windows, Apple macOS, Google's Android OS, Apple iOS, and Linux OS.
  • Microsoft Windows is a proprietary OS and has been around since the 1980s.
  • macOS is a proprietary OS developed and marketed by Apple.
  • Linux OS is an open-source operating system.
  • Android OS is primarily used for smartphones and tablets.
  • iOS is Apple's operating system for mobile devices and computers.

This quiz covers the basic principles and objectives of an operating system, focusing on the Linux system. It includes understanding the role of an operating system, basic principles of Linux, and learning fundamental Linux commands.

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