Introduction to Indian Constitution: Evolution and Salient Features

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30 Questions

How many members were elected by the Provinces under the scheme described?

292

Which method of voting was used for the representatives of each community in the Provincial Legislative Assembly?

Proportional representation with a single transferable vote

What happened to the members of Bengal, Punjab, Sind, and other provinces after the Partition on June 3, 1947?

Ceased to be members of the Constituent Assembly of India

How many members actually signed the Constitution as finally passed on November 26, 1949?

284

What was the purpose of the committee headed by Warren Hastings established under the Regulating Act of 1773?

To manage East India Company affairs

Why was a fresh election needed in the new Provinces of West Bengal and East Punjab?

Due to Partition and change in borders

What is the main function of the Constitution of India?

Defining fundamental principles of politics

How many articles does the Indian Constitution consist of?

474 articles

Who promulgated the Indian Constitution on 26 November 1949?

Dr Rajendra Prasad

What was the purpose of electing the Constituent Assembly in 1946?

To create a new constitution for independent India

What makes the Indian Constitution unique in terms of length?

It is the longest written constitution in the world

What did the Indian Constitution aim to reconcile according to the text?

Conflicting interests and aspirations of diverse sections

Which act ended the Company's monopoly and opened up India to private enterprise?

The Charter Act 1853

Which act established the Board of Control and Secret Committee to manage company affairs?

The Pitt’s India Act of 1784

What did the Indian Councils Act of 1861 do?

Allowed for non-official members in Legislative Councils

In which act were provincial legislative councils introduced with official majorities presided over by lieutenant governors or chief commissioners?

The Government of India Act 1858

What was a key provision in the Charter Acts of 1813 and 1833?

Governor-General with legislative powers in Bengal

What significant change was enacted by the India Council Act of 1892?

Allowed one-third elected members in councils

What determines whether a constitution is rigid or flexible?

Amendment process

Which term has been used to describe the Indian Constitution's nature according to K C Wheare?

Federal in form but unitary in spirit

What is a characteristic of a presidential system of government?

Separation of powers

Why was the British Parliamentary System chosen by the Indian Constitution over the American Presidential System?

Based on cooperation and coordination between organs

Which model of governance is synonymous with the parliamentary system?

Westminster model

What term did K C Wheare use to describe the Indian Constitution as being neither completely federal nor completely unitary?

"Quasi-federal"

What is the role of the Supreme Court in the Indian legal system?

To act as the highest court of appeal

What is the relationship between High Courts and district courts in India?

High Courts are superior to district courts

How many Fundamental Rights are guaranteed to all citizens of India under the Constitution?

Six Fundamental Rights

What is one of the key components of the Indian Constitution?

Guarantee of fundamental rights

Which term best describes the purpose of fundamental rights in the Indian Constitution?

To uphold democratic principles

In what section of the Indian Constitution are Directive Principles of State Policy listed?

Part IV

Learn about the Constitution of India, the ultimate law which defines fundamental principles of politics, government institutions, fundamental rights, directive principles, and citizens' duties. Explore the evolution and salient features of the Indian constitution.

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