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Questions and Answers
What is an algorithm?
Which of the following accurately describes the use of algorithms?
What does the AND logic gate output?
What is binary?
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Which is the correct syntax to create a variable named age and assign the value 30 in Python?
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Which symbol is used in Python to check if two values are equal?
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How many inputs can the OR gate take to return a true output?
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What is the purpose of creating a Truth Table?
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What is the primary purpose of an algorithm?
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The output of the NOT gate is true when the input is true.
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Name the three basic logic gates.
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In binary, the number ___ represents the decimal value 15.
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Match the following Flowol symbol shapes to their descriptions:
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Which of the following statements is true about binary?
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In Python, you create a variable using the syntax 'int variable = value'.
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What does the OR gate output if at least one input is true?
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Study Notes
Section 1: Spaced Learning
 An algorithm is a set of stepbystep instructions designed to solve a problem.
 Algorithms are commonly used to plan out solutions to problems efficiently.

Logic Gates:
 AND Gate: The output is true only if both inputs are true.
 OR Gate: The output is true if at least one input is true.
 NOT Gate: Reverses the input; if the input is true, the output is false, and vice versa.
 Binary is a numeral system that uses a sequence of 1s and 0s to represent data, fundamental to computer communication.
 To create a variable named age and assign the value of 30 in Python, the correct syntax is
age = 30
.  In Python, the equality comparison operator to check if two values are equal is
==
.
Section 2: Written Practice

Flowol Symbols: Common shapes include:
 Oval: Start/End
 Parallelogram: Input/Output
 Rectangle: Process
 Diamond: Decision/Logic
 A Truth Table outlines all possible input combinations for logic gates and their corresponding outputs.
 Binary to Denary Conversion: To convert binary numbers (e.g., 00001111) to denary, each binary digit represents a power of 2, counting from the right (0, 1, 2, etc.). For instance, 00001111 in binary is equal to 15 in denary.
Section 1: Spaced Learning
 An algorithm is a set of stepbystep instructions designed to solve a problem.
 Algorithms are commonly used to plan out solutions to problems efficiently.

Logic Gates:
 AND Gate: The output is true only if both inputs are true.
 OR Gate: The output is true if at least one input is true.
 NOT Gate: Reverses the input; if the input is true, the output is false, and vice versa.
 Binary is a numeral system that uses a sequence of 1s and 0s to represent data, fundamental to computer communication.
 To create a variable named age and assign the value of 30 in Python, the correct syntax is
age = 30
.  In Python, the equality comparison operator to check if two values are equal is
==
.
Section 2: Written Practice

Flowol Symbols: Common shapes include:
 Oval: Start/End
 Parallelogram: Input/Output
 Rectangle: Process
 Diamond: Decision/Logic
 A Truth Table outlines all possible input combinations for logic gates and their corresponding outputs.
 Binary to Denary Conversion: To convert binary numbers (e.g., 00001111) to denary, each binary digit represents a power of 2, counting from the right (0, 1, 2, etc.). For instance, 00001111 in binary is equal to 15 in denary.
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Description
This quiz covers fundamental concepts of algorithms, logic gates, and binary systems. Explore key definitions and the application of Python syntax for variable assignment and comparisons. Test your understanding of flowchart symbols and truth tables.