Indus Valley Civilization Quiz
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Indus Valley Civilization Quiz

Test your knowledge about the Indus Valley Civilization, an ancient urban culture that thrived along the Indus River in present-day Pakistan and northwest India. Learn about its major settlements, agriculture, trade practices, writing system, and theories surrounding its decline.

Created by
@AffectionateDragon

Questions and Answers

What is another name for the Indus Valley Civilization?

Harappan Civilization

What facilitated commerce within and beyond the Indus Valley civilization?

Standardized weights and measures

Where did the Indus Valley Civilization develop?

Along the Indus River

What is the script used by the Indus Valley Civilization called?

<p>Indus script</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is one reason believed to have contributed to the decline of the Indus Valley Civilization?

<p>Climate change</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which two major cities were part of the Indus Valley Civilization?

<p>Harappa and Mohenjo-daro</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was a key feature of the Indus Valley Civilization's urban planning?

<p>Advanced irrigation systems</p> Signup and view all the answers

What evidence suggests a strong degree of political and administrative control over a wide area in the Indus Valley Civilization?

<p>Seal carvings with pictures of animals</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which crops were grown by the Indus Valley Civilization?

<p>Wheat, barley, and cotton</p> Signup and view all the answers

What indicates that the influence of the Indus Valley Civilization can still be detected in later cultures?

<p>Its influence in later cultures</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was a significant achievement of the Indus Valley Civilization related to clothing?

<p>Being among the first to use cotton for clothing</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Overview

The Indus Valley Civilization, also known as the Harappan Civilization, is one of the earliest urban cultures in the world, which developed along the Indus River in the region that is now Pakistan and northwest India. The civilization is estimated to have existed from approximately 2500 BCE to 1700 BCE. It was characterized by its extensive urban planning, advanced irrigation systems, and sophisticated trade networks.

Origins

The Indus Valley Civilization is believed to have evolved from the villages of its predecessors, primarily those in the Balochistan region of modern-day Pakistan. The civilization is known to have been influenced by the Mesopotamian model of irrigated agriculture, which allowed for the growth of various crops, including wheat, barley, and cotton.

Major Settlements

The civilization had two major cities, Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, which were located on both sides of the Indus River. These cities were relatively large, with Harappa estimated to have a population of 35,000 and Mohenjo-daro potentially having more than 40,000 inhabitants. The civilization also had more than 100 smaller towns and villages distributed along the Indus River and the Arabian Sea.

Agriculture and Trade

Farming was a significant part of the Indus Valley Civilization, with the people using water channels to irrigate their fields. They were also among the first to grow cotton in the Indian subcontinent and to use it for clothing production. Trade was an important aspect of the civilization, and the use of standardized weights and measures facilitated commerce within and beyond the Indus Valley.

Writing and Script

The Indus Valley Civilization is also known for its use of a script, known as the Indus script, which has yet to be fully deciphered. However, the discovery of seal carvings with pictures of animals and the use of a common lingua franca suggests a strong degree of political and administrative control over a wide area.

Decline and End

The reasons for the decline and eventual end of the Indus Valley Civilization are still under debate among scholars. Climate change, floods, and diseases are believed to have played a role in the civilization's downfall. Some historians suggest that invasions by Aryans from the west might have also contributed to the civilization's collapse. However, the civilization's influence can still be detected in later cultures, indicating that it did not disappear suddenly.

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