Indus Valley Civilization Quiz

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किसके तट पर सिंधु घाटी सभ्यता का क्षेत्र फैला हुआ था?

हिमालय पर्वतों

इंडस घाटी सभ्यता के द्वीप का स्थान इस नदी के तट पर था?

सरस्वती

किस नदी के किनारे सिंधु घाटी सभ्यता के प्रमुख शहर हरप्पा स्थित था?

सिंधु

सिंधु घाटी सभ्यता के कितने प्रमुख शहर हरप्पा और मोहनजो-दारो के माध्यम से मिलते हैं?

2

सिंधु घाटी सभ्यता का स्थापना किस समय के बीच हुआ था?

2500 से 1700 BCE के बीच

इंडस घाटी सभ्यता की प्रमुख विशेषताएँ में से कौन सी थी?

शहरीकरण

किस चीज से प्रमुख रूप से पता चला कि इंडस घाटी सभ्यता के पास प्रौद्योगिकी में कैसा स्तर था?

प्रमाणित भार और माप

कौन-सा कारण पहले ही में माना जाता था कि इंडस घाटी सभ्यता के पतन की मुल कारण हो सकता है?

हलके-कोमल पुंजीपति

1900 और 1500 BCE के मध्य के बीच, इंडस घाटी सभ्यता के पतन का क्या मुख्य कारण हो सकता है?

पूर्व-हेमन्ती

किन 3 प्राचीन सभ्यताओं की सहायता से, हम आजकल 'Indus Valley Civilization' की समीक्षा करते हैं?

मेसोपोटामिया, मिस्र, हेट्‌पा

Study Notes

Indian History: The Indus Valley Civilization

The Indus Valley Civilization, also known as the Harappan Civilization, was an advanced civilization that flourished in the northern region of the Indian subcontinent between 2500 and 1700 BCE. It was the first and most well-known of several early civilizations that developed in South Asia and is considered one of the three greatest civilizations of antiquity, alongside Mesopotamia and Egypt.

Origins and Geography

The Indus Valley Civilization was located in the fertile valley of the Indus River, which flows from the Himalayan Mountains south into the Indian Ocean. The civilization's territory stretched over 900 miles (1,500 km) along the banks of the Indus River and extended to Indus Valley Civilization sites near the border of Nepal, in Afghanistan, on the coasts of India, and around Delhi. The two largest cities of the civilization, Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, were each about 1 mile (1.6 km) square in overall dimensions.

Key Features and Accomplishments

The Indus Valley Civilization is known for its well-planned cities, sophisticated technology, and high level of organization. Some of the key features and accomplishments of this civilization include:

  • Urbanism: The civilization was characterized by the rise of urbanism in the Indus Valley, with two large cities, Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, and more than 100 towns and villages.

  • Technology and Artisanal Crafts: The Indus Valley Civilization was known for its advanced technology and craftsmanship, which included standardized weights and measures, monumental architecture, and sophisticated sewage systems that predated ancient Rome's.

  • Trade and Culture: The civilization engaged in long-distance trade with settlements in Mesopotamia and had a strong cultural influence on later Indian cultures.

Decline and Legacy

The Indus Valley Civilization began to decline between 1900 and 1500 BCE for unknown reasons. The decline was initially thought to have been caused by an invasion of light-skinned peoples from the northwest, but recent evidence suggests that climate change may have played a significant role. The winter monsoon became more intense during this period, making agriculture difficult in the region. As a result, the Indus Valley Civilization eventually collapsed, and its sophisticated culture and technological advancements were lost.

Today, the Indus Valley Civilization is referenced as one of the three greatest civilizations of antiquity, alongside Mesopotamia and Egypt. The civilization's vast accomplishments and high level of technology and sophistication continue to fascinate and inform modern scholars and researchers.

Test your knowledge about the Indus Valley Civilization, an advanced ancient civilization that flourished in the Indian subcontinent between 2500 and 1700 BCE. Learn about its origins, key features, decline, and lasting legacy.

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