Indus Valley Civilisation Quiz

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14 Questions

What was the approximate duration of the Indus Valley Civilisation?

3300 BCE to 1300 BCE

Where did the Indus Valley Civilisation flourish?

In the alluvial plain of the Indus River and the vicinity of the Ghaggar-Hakra river

What is the type site of the Indus civilisation?

Harappa

Which other regions did the Indus Valley Civilisation span other than Pakistan?

Afghanistan and Iran

What was the culmination of work in finding the Indus Valley Civilisation sites?

The discovery of Harappa and soon afterwards Mohenjo-daro

What are earlier and later cultures called in the same area where the Indus Valley Civilisation was located?

Pre-Harappan and Post-Harappan

What is the name of the earliest and best-known Neolithic culture in Balochistan, Pakistan?

Mehrgarh

Which river system is the Indus civilisation named after?

Indus

What is the term used for the Harappan civilisation to distinguish it from earlier cultures?

Mature Harappan

Which of the following was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2021 as 'Dholavira: A Harappan City'?

Dholavira

Which language family is favored by a section of scholars as a possible affiliation of the undeciphered Indus script?

Dravidian

'Ghaggar-Hakra' is prominently associated with which modern labels applied to the Indus civilisation?

Indus-Sarasvati Civilisation

What may have been the initial stimulus for the urbanization of the Harappan civilisation?

Gradual drying of the region

'Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro' was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in which year?

1980

Study Notes

Indus Valley Civilisation

  • The Indus Valley Civilisation flourished for approximately 600 years, from 3300 to 1300 BCE.
  • It flourished in the Indus Valley, which is now modern-day Pakistan and northwestern India.

Geographic Extent

  • The civilisation spanned beyond Pakistan, covering regions in northwestern India, including Gujarat, Haryana, Punjab, and Rajasthan.

Type Site and Discovery

  • Mohenjo-Daro is the type site of the Indus civilisation.
  • The culmination of work in finding the Indus Valley Civilisation sites was led by archaeologist Sir John Marshall.

Earlier and Later Cultures

  • The earlier culture in the same area is called the Early Food Producing Era, while the later culture is known as the Late Harappan Phase.
  • The earliest and best-known Neolithic culture in Balochistan, Pakistan is Mehrgarh.

Name and Script

  • The Indus civilisation is named after the Indus River system.
  • The term 'Mature Harappan' is used to distinguish the Harappan civilisation from earlier cultures.
  • The undeciphered Indus script is possibly affiliated with the Dravidian language family, according to some scholars.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites

  • Dholavira: A Harappan City was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2021.
  • The Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro were declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980.

Other Associations

  • The term 'Ghaggar-Hakra' is associated with the Indus civilisation.
  • The initial stimulus for the urbanization of the Harappan civilisation may have been the need to manage the floods and the river systems.

Test your knowledge about the Indus Valley Civilisation, a Bronze Age civilisation in South Asia lasting from 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE. Learn about its widespread sites and its significance in ancient history.

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