Indian Women's Activities in the Late 19th Century

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Who founded the Satnami movement to improve the social status of leather workers?


Which movement questioned Brahmanical texts that supported the caste system in eastern Bengal?

Gulamgiri movement

Who proposed that Shudras and Ati Shudras should unite to challenge caste discrimination?

Jyotirao Phule

According to Jyotirao Phule, who were considered Aryans and came from outside the subcontinent?


Shri Narayana Guru proclaimed the ideals of unity for which group of people?

His people

What did Ghasidas found to improve the social status of leather workers?

'Satnami' movement

Who founded the Satyashodhak Samaj that propagated caste equality?

Jyotirao Phule

In which book did Phule address the issue of slavery?


Who dedicated his book to the Americans who fought to free slaves?

Jyotirao Phule

What initiated the temple entry movement in 1927 led by Ambedkar?

Water usage by Dalits from the temple tank

What movement was founded by Periyar to combat caste discrimination?

Self Respect Movement

According to non-Brahman castes, who were the heirs of Aryan invaders from the north?


What was the condition of women two hundred years ago?

Most children were married at an early stage.

Which system categorized Brahmans and Kshatriyas as 'upper castes'?

Caste system

What was one of the restrictions on women's rights two hundred years ago?

No access to education

In some parts of the country, what were women forced to practice two hundred years ago?


What is one modern aspect mentioned in the text with regards to girls today?

Access to education and jobs

What is one of the rights that all women can enjoy today mentioned in the text?

Voting and standing for elections

Who were placed after the Brahmins according to the text?

Traders and moneylenders

What social class was considered 'untouchable' by the upper castes?

Those who labored to keep cities clean

Which communication development enabled debates on various social issues in the new cities?


Who founded the Brahmo Sabha (later known as the Brahmo Samaj) in Calcutta?

Raja Rammohun Roy

What campaign did Rammohun Roy start against inhumane practices?


What strategy did later reformers adopt to challenge harmful practices?

Finding ancient texts supporting their view

What were Indian women trained to be in universities by the 1880s?


Which Hindu reformer wrote a book about the lives of upper-caste Hindu women?

Pandita Ramabai

What did many Hindu nationalists fear about Hindu women in the late nineteenth century?

Adopting Western ways

What did women in the nineteenth century do as part of their activism for women's rights?

Wrote books and edited magazines

In what century did Jawaharlal Nehru and Subhas Chandra Bose support demands for greater equality and freedom for women?

Twentieth century

Which organization adhered to the tradition of Bhakti and believed in the spiritual equality of all castes?

Prarthana Samaj

Learn about the active roles Indian women played in the late 19th century, from pursuing higher education to initiating social reform. Discover the challenges they faced and their contributions to society.

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