India: Geography, History, Economy, Culture, and Government

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6 Questions

What is the approximate population of India?

Over 1.3 billion people

What was the first unified Indian empire founded by Chandragupta Maurya?

Mauryan Empire

What is the name of the lower house of the Indian parliament?

Lok Sabha

What is the primary sector of the Indian economy?


What is the name of the largest growing class in India?

Middle class

How many states and union territories are there in India?

29 states and 7 union territories

Study Notes

Geography and Climate

  • Located in South Asia, bordered by Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar
  • Second-most populous country in the world, with over 1.3 billion people
  • Diverse geography: Himalayan mountains, Indo-Gangetic Plain, Deccan Plateau, and coastal plains
  • Climate varies from tropical to subtropical, with four distinct seasons: winter, summer, monsoon, and post-monsoon


  • Ancient Indus Valley Civilization (3300-1300 BCE)
  • Mauryan Empire (322-185 BCE): first unified Indian empire, founded by Chandragupta Maurya
  • Gupta Empire (320-550 CE): golden age of Indian culture and science
  • Islamic rule (712-1756 CE): Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire
  • British colonial rule (1756-1947 CE): Indian independence movement led by Mahatma Gandhi


  • Third-largest economy in the world in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP)
  • Diverse economy: agriculture, manufacturing, services, and IT sector
  • Major industries: textiles, steel, automobiles, and pharmaceuticals
  • Large and growing middle class, with increasing consumer spending


  • Rich cultural heritage, with diverse languages, religions, and traditions
  • Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, and Jainism are major religions
  • Festivals: Diwali, Holi, Navratri, and Eid-al-Fitr
  • Cuisine: diverse and vibrant, with popular dishes like tandoori chicken, naan bread, and biryani

Government and Politics

  • Federal republic with a parliamentary system of government
  • President serves as head of state, while Prime Minister is head of government
  • Bicameral parliament: Lok Sabha (House of the People) and Rajya Sabha (Council of States)
  • 29 states and 7 union territories, with varying levels of autonomy

Test your knowledge of India, a country with a diverse geography, rich history, and growing economy. From the Himalayan mountains to the Indo-Gangetic Plain, and from the ancient Indus Valley Civilization to the modern Indian economy, this quiz covers it all.

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