Voyager Golden Record and NASA's Voyager 1

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3 Questions

What is the diameter of the Voyager Golden Record?

12 inches

When was the Voyager Golden Record sent to space?

1977

What is the speed of Voyager 1?

3.6 AU per year

Study Notes

  • The Voyager Golden Records are two phonograph records, each containing sounds and images selected to portray the diversity of life and culture on Earth.

  • The records were created by a committee chaired by Carl Sagan of Cornell University, and are intended for any intelligent extraterrestrial life form who may find them.

  • The contents of the record were selected for NASA by a committee, taking into account scientific interest, cultural interest, and the diversity of humanity.

  • The record includes music by composers such as J.S. Bach, Mozart, Beethoven, and Stravinsky, as well as electronic music by Laurie Spiegel.

  • The selection of music for the record was completed by a tea party.

  • The Voyager Golden Record contains images and audio of Earth and its inhabitants, including sounds of humpback whales.

  • The images and audio are encoded in analogue form and composed of 512 vertical lines.

  • The remainder of the record is audio, designed to be played at 16+2⁄3 revolutions per minute.

  • The record was created by a team of scientists led by Carl Sagan.

  • The record was designed to be played from the outside in, and includes information about the correct time to play one side of the record.

  • One side of the record contains images and audio of Earth and its inhabitants, while the other side contains information about the correct time to play it.

  • The record was created in 1978, and was sent to space on Voyager 1 in 1977.

  • The Voyager Golden Record was one of the goals of the Voyager mission.

  • The Voyager 1 record is a 12-inch-diameter gold-plated copper disc with a cover of aluminum.

  • The record was constructed in 1977 and is now in the Kuiper belt.

  • In about 40,000 years, Voyager 1 will come to within about 1.8 light-years of two separate stars: Voyager 1 will have approached star Gliese 445, located in the constellation Camelopardalis, and Voyager 2 will have approached star Ross 248, located in the constellation of Andromeda.

  • In March 2012, Voyager 1 was over 17.9 billion km from the Sun and traveling at a speed of 3.6 AU per year.

  • The Voyager 1 spacecraft is still operational and continues to send back data.

  • The spacecraft entered interstellar space in 2013.

  • The Golden Record is a record of music, images, and greetings from Earth, sent by NASA to Voyager 1 in 1977.

  • The Voyager probes are a visitable landmark in the 2014 space-trading/simulation game Elite: Dangerous.

Test your knowledge of the iconic Voyager Golden Record and the NASA Voyager 1 mission, which carries the record. From the content of the record to the journey of the spacecraft, this quiz covers fascinating details about this extraordinary interstellar artifact.

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