Horticulture: Pruning and Training Techniques
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Horticulture: Pruning and Training Techniques

Learn about the importance of pruning in plant growth and fruit quality, and explore different pruning techniques and training systems used in horticulture. Understand the benefits of training systems, including increased fruiting and easier harvesting.

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@EndorsedEcstasy

Questions and Answers

What is the primary purpose of pruning in plant cultivation?

To promote healthy growth and reduce disease spread

What is the term for removing select branches to allow more sunlight and air to reach fruiting branches?

Thinning

What is the benefit of using an open center training system?

Increased fruiting sites

What is the purpose of tipping in pruning?

<p>To control plant height</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the benefit of training systems in terms of pest and disease management?

<p>More accessible for pest and disease management practices</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for severely pruning old or unproductive plants to stimulate new growth?

<p>Renewal pruning</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary benefit of using a central leader training system?

<p>A single main stem is trained upwards</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for pruning the tip of a branch to encourage bushy growth and more fruiting sites?

<p>Heading</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the benefit of using an espalier training system?

<p>Plants are trained to grow along a trellis or wall</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary benefit of pruning in terms of disease management?

<p>Reducing disease spread</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Pruning And Training

Importance of Pruning

  • Pruning is a crucial cultivation practice that improves plant growth, productivity, and fruit quality
  • Removes dead, diseased, or damaged branches, promoting healthy growth and reducing disease spread
  • Increases air circulation and sunlight penetration, reducing humidity and fungal diseases

Pruning Techniques

  • Thinning: Removing select branches to allow more sunlight and air to reach fruiting branches
  • Heading: Cutting back the tip of a branch to encourage bushy growth and more fruiting sites
  • Tipping: Removing the tip of a branch to control height and promote lateral growth
  • Renewal pruning: Severely pruning old or unproductive plants to stimulate new growth

Training Systems

  • Central leader system: A single main stem (leader) is trained upwards, with lateral branches pruned to maintain a central leader
  • Open center system: The central leader is removed, allowing several main stems to grow and form an open, vase-like structure
  • Espalier system: Plants are trained to grow along a trellis or wall, with branches pruned to maintain a flat, two-dimensional shape
  • Lyre system: A combination of central leader and open center systems, with a central leader and multiple main stems

Benefits of Training

  • Increased fruiting: Training systems can increase fruiting sites and yields
  • Improved air circulation: Training systems can improve air circulation, reducing disease pressure
  • Easier harvesting: Trained plants can be easier to harvest, reducing labor costs
  • Pest and disease management: Trained plants can be more accessible for pest and disease management practices

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