History: Study and Interpretation of the Past

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What is the umbrella term that comprises past events as well as the memory, discovery, collection, organization, presentation, and interpretation of these events?

History

What is considered the period of events before the invention of writing systems?

Prehistory

What is the academic discipline that uses a narrative to describe, examine, question, and analyze past events, and investigate their patterns of cause and effect?

History

What sources do historians use to seek knowledge of the past?

Written documents, oral accounts, art and material artifacts, and ecological markers

How does history differ from myth?

History is supported by verifiable evidence, while myth is not

What do historians debate about the nature of history?

They debate its usefulness in giving perspective on the problems of the present

Who is often considered the 'father of history'?

Herodotus

What is the modern study of history wide-ranging and includes?

The study of specific regions and certain topical or thematic elements of historical investigation.

What is the etymology of the word 'history'?

The word history comes from historía (Ancient Greek: ἱστορία, romanized: historíā, lit. 'inquiry, knowledge from inquiry, or judge').

In what sense did Aristotle use the word 'history' in his History of Animals?

Inquiry, knowledge from inquiry, or judge'

When did the Greek word 'history' get borrowed into Classical Latin?

As historia

What did the word 'history' develop into in Old French and Anglo-Norman?

istorie, estoire, and historie

What does the gap between Herodotus and Thucydides remain in modern historical writing?

A point of contention or approach

What was the state chronicle in East Asia reputed to date from?

As early as 722 BC

Who is often considered the contemporary of Herodotus?

Thucydides

What was the ancestor word ἵστωρ attested early on in?

Homeric Hymns, Heraclitus, the Athenian ephebes' oath, and in Boeotic inscriptions

Explore the systematic study and documentation of human past events, including the period before the invention of writing systems known as prehistory. Learn about the memory, discovery, collection, organization, presentation, and interpretation of historical events through the perspective of historians and historical sources.

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