History of Microbiology

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Who is considered the father of Bacteriology and Protozoology?

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Which scientist developed the rabies vaccine?

Louis Pasteur

What is the primary vector for the bubonic plague during the Black Death epidemic?

Oriental rat flea

Who invented the transparent double-sided petri dish used in microbiology?

Richard Petri

Which scientist is known for developing the principle of chemolithotrophy?

Sergei Winogradsky

Which term describes the technique for isolating microorganisms in natural samples in a highly selective fashion?

Enrichment culture technique

What is the main difference between Bacteria and Archaea?

Bacteria are prokaryotes while Archaea thrive in extreme environments

Which of the following organisms is eukaryotic and can exist as unicellular or multicellular forms?

Algae

What does the term 'Inoculation' refer to in microbiology?

Introducing a sample into a sterile culture media

Which part of a microscope collects and focuses light from the illuminator into the specimen?

Condenser

What is the function of the Diaphragm (iris) in a microscope?

Control the amount of light entering the microscope

Which microscope type uses visible light for specimen visualization?

Brightfield microscope

Explore the history of microbiology, from Antonie van Leeuwenhoek's discovery of microorganisms to Louis Pasteur's contributions to disproving spontaneous generation theory and developing the rabies vaccine. Learn about the Germ Theory of Diseases and its impact on understanding human diseases.

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