History of Kazakhstan Republic: Milestones and Key Players

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1604 жылы Қазақстан Республикасының бастауы неше жылдан кейін пайда болды?

114 жыл

ХІХ ғасыр ортасындағы Шет табигі өзінде Қазақстандагы адамдарды кездестірген оқиғалар неге толтырылды?

Ерекше мекен-жай табу

Желтоқсан қуанталары (1895 ж. Алдымен) не істеген?

Бас бойда рахатты азат ету

Советтік дәуірдегі колхоздандыру не істеп жатты?

Халықты массаламен өлтіру кезеңдеріне себепші болды

'1991 ж. 16 Әкпенде Коммунистік Орныздан Төрай Дала Республикасы' не іштейді?

'Табиғи ресурстардан пайдалану'

'Шет табиғи – Әскери Шексебер' не істеген?

'Халывуд директор'

Қазақ хандығының 1604 жылы құрылған жағында, кім негізделген?

Нәуруз Бей

Кез келген орынбасарлық дипломатия мен шарттық істерде маңызды рөл атқаратын салт-дәстерді табу орнасы - қай мемлекеттер арасында орналасады?

Ресей мен Китай

Казах хандығының пайда болуына себеп болатын Үлкен Орта Өртеніш Революциясы неше жылдан кейін келді?

150 жыл

1895 жылы Желтоқсан өткен оқи жазбаша сөйлеу демалуына себеп болды - оның кезге келген ерекшелігіне кім себеп болды?

Мемлекеттік деңгей меншігі

Study Notes

Tarih — History of Kazakhstan Republic

Tarih is Turkish for history. In this context, we will focus on the history of the Kazakhstan Republic.

Başlayış [Starting Point]

The establishment of the Kazakh state dates back to 1604 when it was founded by Nauruz Bey, who became the first khan of the Kazakhs. A century later, in 1718, the capital of the Kazakh Khanate was moved from Saryarqa to Uralsk. However, the Russian Empire began its gradual expansion into Central Asia around the 18th century, which eventually led to the decline of the Kazakh Khanate.

In the mid-19th century, through a series of events known as the Great Steppe Revolution, the nomadic Kazakh people were forced to abandon their traditional lifestyle and settle permanently on the land. This led to increased exploitation and hardship, culminating in the massacre of thousands of peaceful protestors in December 1895. This event, known as the Zheltoksan tragedy, marked a significant turning point in Kazakh history. It would be over half a century before any meaningful changes occurred.

Sonrası [Later Developments]

During the Soviet era, agricultural collectivization forced the population off their ancestral lands, leading to famine and starvation. Despite these challenges, the Kazakh people continued to fight for their rights and identity, both socially and culturally. After the fall of the USSR, the newly established Republic of Kazakhstan declared independence on December 16, 1991. Since then, the country has undergone various political and economic transformations.

Günümüzde [Present Day]

Currently, Kazakhstan is recognized for its natural resources, particularly oil and gas reserves. Its strategic location between Europe, Russia, China, and Western Asia makes it a vital player in international trade and diplomacy. Additionally, Kazakhstan's cultural heritage is increasingly being celebrated, with traditions like Nauryz and Epic poetry gaining recognition globally.

Önçülükler [Key Players]

Numerous key players have shaped the history of Kazakhstan. Among them are leaders such as Prime Minister Karim Massimov, President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, and former President Nursultan Nazarbayev. These individuals have played pivotal roles in shaping the course of Kazakh history.

İşaretler [Significant Events and Milestones]

Some of the most notable milestones in Kazakh history include:

  • Foundation of the Kazakh Khanate in 1604 by Nauruz Bey.
  • Capital move from Saryarqa to Uralsk in 1718.
  • Gradual decline of the Kazakh Khanate due to Russian Imperial expansion.
  • The Great Steppe Revolution, leading to the abandonment of traditional nomadic life.
  • Zheltoksan tragedy in 1895, resulting in the death of thousands of peaceful protestors.
  • Post-Soviet declaration of independence on December 16, 1991.
  • Post-independence development and transformation of the economy and society.

Explore the rich history of the Kazakhstan Republic, from the establishment of the Kazakh Khanate in 1604 to the present day. Learn about key players like Nursultan Nazarbayev and significant events such as the Zheltoksan tragedy. Dive into the transformative journey of Kazakhstan through centuries of political, economic, and cultural changes.

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