History and Grammar of Hindi Language

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Hindi mein kitne prakar ke noun classes hote hain?


Hindi mein kis tarah ke articles ka upyog hota hai?

Postpositive definite articles

Kriyaanvay ke liye Hindi mein kaun-kaun se tatva mahatvapurna hote hain?

Person, number, tense, aspect

Kis kram mein cases ko vyakaran mein shamil kiya jata hai?

Accusative, instrumental, ablative

'Word Order' ke liye kya niyam anivarya hai Hindi mein?

'Word Order' ke liye koi niyam nahi hai

'Direct Speech' mein kis prakar ka vishesh niyam hota hai?

'Direct Speech' mein subject ka position badal jata hai

हिंदी किस भारतीय राज्य में नृत्य भाषा है?

उत्तर प्रदेश

हिंदी की प्राचीनतम ज्ञात पूर्वज किस समय में उपयोग में आए थे?

2,000 साल पहले

मुग़ल काल में किस कोर्ट के अधिकारी को हिंदुस्तानी में अपने कार्य पंजीकृत करने के लिए प्रोत्साहित किया गया था?


'मैथिली' किस क्षेत्र में प्रमुखत: प्रचलित है?


'ब्रज भाषा' कहाँ प्रमुखत: बोली जाती है?

मथुरा, आगरा, वृंदावन

'हिंदी' को विशेष बनने में किन-किन का प्रभाव रहा है?

पर्षियन, अरबी, तुर्की

Study Notes

Hindi - A Tale of Its Evolution and Grammar

Hindi is the official language of India and one of its twenty-two scheduled languages recognized by the Indian Constitution. It's widely spoken across northern India and has become the fourth most commonly spoken language worldwide. But what makes it unique? And how did it come to be? Let's delve into its history and grammar.

Origin and Development

The earliest known ancestors of modern Hindi were used over two millennia ago when Middle Indic languages developed from earlier forms of Sanskrit. Influence from Persian, Arabic, Turkish, and English further shaped its modern form. For instance, during the Mughal period, local rulers encouraged regional court officials to make their records in Hindustani, resulting in an amalgamation of vocabulary from various sources.

Dialects and Regions

Despite being classified as a single language, Hindi has various dialects and accents. These differences can mainly be attributed to geographical variations and the influence of other languages within the same region. Some popular dialects include Braj Bhasha, which is the original form of Hindi spoken in Mathura, Agra, and Vrindavan; Avadhi, predominant in eastern Uttar Pradesh; Maithili, concentrated in Nepal's Terai area; Bhojpuri, found in central and western Uttar Pradesh; and Haryanvi, prevalent in towns like Rohtak and Hisar.

Hindi Grammar - Vyakaran

Vyakaran, the science of language, covers all aspects of grammatical structure in Hindi, including morphology and syntax. Key features include:

  1. Noun Classes: Hindi employs three noun classes based on gender, number, and case. They are masculine (mātrkā), feminine (striyā), and neuter (nirbhīk). Cases are nominative (tamas), accusative (ākramaṇa), genitive (vibhāga), locative (sthāna), instrumental (karana), ablative (ālaya), and dative (dāta).

  2. Articles: Unlike English, Hindi uses postpositive definite articles instead of prefixed ones. Examples include 'the', 'this', and 'that'. Prepositions also follow the word they modify rather than precede them.

  3. Conjugation: Verbs in Hindi conjugate according to person, number, tense, mood, voice, aspect, degree, and gender. Aspect signifies whether an action occurs once, repeatedly, habitually, continuously, etc..

  4. Word Order: While subjects typically come first in simple sentences, this rule isn't strictly enforced. Furthermore, compound sentences require complex rules regarding subject placement. Direct speech often has unique order requirements too.


From its historical roots to its diverse dialects and intricate grammar, studying Hindi provides insights into India's linguistic heritage as well as the common threads that bind communities together through shared communication. By understanding the nuances of this language, we gain appreciation for how culture shapes language, and vice versa.

Explore the evolution of Hindi language from its ancient origins to modern-day influence, along with an in-depth look at its grammatical structure. Learn about the diverse dialects, noun classes, articles, conjugation rules, word order, and more.

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