Groups vs Teams Quiz

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24 Questions

What is the main difference between a group and a team?

Groups have mutual influence while teams have a collective sense of identity

What are the four stages of becoming a team according to the Linear Perspective?

Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing

What is the definition of group cohesion?

A dynamic process that is reflected in the tendency for a group to stick together and remain united in pursuit of its instrumental objectives and/or for the satisfaction of member affective needs

What are the two types of cohesion?

Task cohesion and social cohesion

What is the Ringelmann effect?

The tendency for individual members of a group to become increasingly less productive as the size of the group increases

What is the main cause of social loafing?

Perception that their effort is (relatively) unimportant for the outcome

What is the best way to counteract social loafing?

Emphasize the importance of individual contributions (identify + communicate)

What are the three factors that contribute to group process losses according to the Conceptual Framework of Group Effectiveness?

Players’ abilities, knowledge and skills (mental + physical), faulty group processes, motivation losses

What is the Group Environment Questionnaire?

A reliable, valid measure of individual and group task and social cohesion

What are the four personal factors that can affect group cohesion?

Individual orientation, individual differences, leadership style (democratic), coach / athlete personalities

What are the four team factors that can affect group outcomes?

Distinctiveness, group productivity norm, group communication, cohesion

What is the definition of group process losses?

The loss of relevant resources due to faulty group processes

What is the main difference between a group and a team?

Groups have mutual influence while teams have ‘we-ness’

Which of the following is not one of the stages in the Linear Perspective of becoming a team?

Reforming

What are the two types of cohesion?

Task and Group cohesion

What is the Ringelmann effect?

The tendency for individual members of a group to become increasingly less productive as the size of the group increases

What is the formula for Actual Productivity?

Actual Productivity = Potential Productivity - Group Process Losses

What is a common cause of ‘Social Loafing’?

Perception that their effort is (relatively) unimportant for the outcome

What is the Group Environment Questionnaire used for?

To measure task and social cohesion

What is the definition of group cohesion according to Carron, Brawley & Widmeyer?

The tendency for a group to stick together and remain united in pursuit of its instrumental objectives and/or for the satisfaction of member affective needs

What are the four stages in the Linear Perspective of becoming a team?

Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing

What is the definition of Task Cohesion?

The degree to which members of a group work together to achieve common goals

What is the formula for Group Process Losses?

Group Process Losses = Actual Productivity - Potential Productivity

What are the three types of losses in the Conceptual Framework of Group Effectiveness?

Motivation Losses, Coordination Losses, and Task Losses

Study Notes

Group Dynamics

  • A group is a collection of individuals who interact with each other, while a team is a group of interdependent individuals who work together to achieve a common goal.

Stages of Becoming a Team

  • According to the Linear Perspective, the four stages of becoming a team are:
    • Forming: Getting to know each other
    • Storming: Conflicting ideas and perspectives
    • Norming: Developing a sense of cohesion
    • Performing: Working together towards a common goal

Cohesion

  • Group cohesion is the strength of the bonds that link group members together
  • There are two types of cohesion:
    • Task Cohesion: Members work together to achieve a common goal
    • Social Cohesion: Members bond and interact with each other on a social level

Social Loafing and Ringelmann Effect

  • Social loafing is when individuals exert less effort when working in a group than they would alone
  • The main cause of social loafing is the lack of accountability and diffusion of responsibility
  • The Ringelmann effect is the phenomenon where individual effort decreases as the size of the group increases
  • The best way to counteract social loafing is to set clear goals, define individual roles, and provide feedback

Group Process Losses

  • Group process losses occur when the group's productivity is less than the sum of individual productivities
  • The three factors that contribute to group process losses are:
    • Coordination problems
    • Motivation losses
    • Cognitive losses
  • The formula for Group Process Losses is: Actual Productivity = Potential Productivity - Process Losses

Group Environment Questionnaire

  • The Group Environment Questionnaire is used to assess group cohesion, particularly in sports teams

Factors Affecting Group Cohesion and Outcomes

  • Four personal factors that can affect group cohesion are:
    • Personality
    • Motivation
    • Ability
    • Status
  • Four team factors that can affect group outcomes are:
    • Communication
    • Roles
    • Goals
    • Procedures

Miscellaneous

  • The definition of group cohesion according to Carron, Brawley & Widmeyer is "a dynamic process that is reflected in the tendency for a group to stick together and remain united in the pursuit of its objectives"

"Groups vs Teams: Know the Difference Quiz" - Test your knowledge on the key differences between groups and teams. From shared purpose to distinct roles and communication modes, this quiz will help you identify the characteristics of each and understand the importance of teamwork. Perfect for anyone looking to enhance their collaboration skills in the workplace or beyond.

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