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# Graphing Linear and Quadratic Functions

Created by
@VirtuousSandDune7683

### What does the 'm' represent in the linear equation form y = mx + b?

• Constant
• X-coordinate
• Y-intercept
• Slope (correct)

False

x = -b/(2a)

### In standard form of an exponential function, $y = ab^x$, b represents the ______ factor.

<p>growth</p> Signup and view all the answers

### Match the following types of slopes to their descriptions:

<p>Positive slope = Line rises from left to right Negative slope = Line falls from left to right Zero slope = Horizontal line Undefined slope = Vertical line</p> Signup and view all the answers

### When graphing the line for an inequality such as y < mx + b, what type of line is used?

<p>Dashed line</p> Signup and view all the answers

### In a Cartesian plane, Quadrant II is characterized by x < 0 and y < 0.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

### What is the shape of the graph of an exponential growth function?

<p>J-shaped curve</p> Signup and view all the answers

## Study Notes

### Graphing

#### Linear Equations

• Form: y = mx + b
• m = slope (rise/run)
• b = y-intercept (where the line crosses the y-axis)
• Slope:
• Positive slope: line rises from left to right
• Negative slope: line falls from left to right
• Zero slope: horizontal line
• Undefined slope: vertical line
• Graphing Steps:
1. Identify slope and y-intercept.
2. Plot the y-intercept on the graph.
3. Use the slope to find another point.
4. Draw the line through the points.

• Form: y = ax² + bx + c
• a, b, and c are constants; a ≠ 0
• Parabola:
• Opens upwards if a > 0, downwards if a < 0.
• Vertex:
• The highest or lowest point of the parabola.
• Formula: x = -b/(2a) to find the x-coordinate of the vertex.
• Axis of Symmetry: x = -b/(2a)
• Graphing Steps:
1. Find the vertex and axis of symmetry.
2. Identify additional points by choosing x-values.
3. Plot the points and draw the parabola.

#### Graphing Inequalities

• Types:
• Linear inequalities (e.g., y < mx + b)
• Quadratic inequalities (e.g., y < ax² + bx + c)
• Graphing Steps:
1. Graph the corresponding equation as if it were an equality.
2. Use a dashed line for < or >; solid line for ≤ or ≥.
3. Shade the region that satisfies the inequality.
4. Test a point in the shaded region to confirm.

#### Coordinate Systems

• Cartesian Plane:
• Composed of two perpendicular axes: x-axis (horizontal) and y-axis (vertical).
• Origin: (0,0), where the axes intersect.
• Quadrant I: (x > 0, y > 0)
• Quadrant II: (x < 0, y > 0)
• Quadrant III: (x < 0, y < 0)
• Quadrant IV: (x > 0, y < 0)
• Point Notation: (x, y), where x is the horizontal position and y is the vertical position.

#### Exponential Growth

• Form: y = ab^x
• a = initial value, b = growth factor (b > 1)
• Characteristics:
• Rapid increase as x increases.
• Graph passes through the point (0, a).
• Asymptote: The x-axis (y = 0) is a horizontal asymptote.
• Graphing Steps:
1. Identify the initial value (a) and growth factor (b).
2. Calculate y for a few key x-values (e.g., -1, 0, 1, 2).
3. Plot the points and draw a smooth curve through them.

### Linear Equations

• Expression follows the form y = mx + b, where m is the slope and b is the y-intercept.
• Slope (m) indicates the steepness and direction of a line:
• Positive slope: line ascends from left to right.
• Negative slope: line descends from left to right.
• Zero slope: indicates a horizontal line.
• Undefined slope: represents a vertical line.
• Steps for graphing include identifying the slope and y-intercept, plotting the y-intercept, using the slope to find additional points, and drawing the line.

• Formulated as y = ax² + bx + c, with coefficients a, b, and c; a must not equal zero.
• The parabola formed opens upwards if the leading coefficient (a) is positive and downwards if negative.
• The vertex, which is the peak or lowest point, can be found using x = -b/(2a).
• The axis of symmetry of the parabola is also at x = -b/(2a).
• For graphing quadratics, identify the vertex and axis of symmetry, choose x-values to find additional points, and plot to complete the parabola.

### Graphing Inequalities

• Includes linear inequalities (e.g., y < mx + b) and quadratic inequalities (e.g., y < ax² + bx + c).
• First, graph the corresponding equation like an equality.
• Use a dashed line for strict inequalities (< or >) and a solid line for inclusive inequalities (≤ or ≥).
• Shade the area representing solutions to the inequality and confirm by testing a point from the shaded region.

### Coordinate Systems

• The Cartesian plane features two intersecting axes: the x-axis (horizontal) and y-axis (vertical).
• The point of intersection is the origin (0,0).
• Divided into four quadrants, characterized as:
• Quadrant I: x > 0, y > 0
• Quadrant II: x < 0, y > 0
• Quadrant III: x < 0, y < 0
• Quadrant IV: x > 0, y < 0
• Points are denoted in the format (x, y), indicating horizontal and vertical positions respectively.

### Exponential Growth

• Expressed in the form y = ab^x, where a represents the initial value and b is the growth factor; b must be greater than 1.
• Characterized by rapid increases in value as x increases.
• The graph intersects the y-axis at the point (0, a) and has a horizontal asymptote at y = 0 (the x-axis).
• Graphing requires identifying the initial value and growth factor, determining y for several key x-values, and plotting these points to draw a smooth curve.

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## Description

This quiz covers the essentials of graphing linear equations and quadratic functions. You'll learn about the formulas, slopes, intercepts, and how to identify key features like the vertex and axis of symmetry. Test your understanding of these foundational concepts in algebra!

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