Global Tapestry & Trade 1200-1450: Religions Shinto and Hinduism

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What was the state structure of the Song Dynasty?

Meritocracy with civil service exams

Which belief system influenced the culture of Korea and Japan during the Tang Dynasty?

Confucianism

What staple food item became popular in the Chinese diet during the Song Dynasty?

Champa Rice

What technological advancement was associated with the Song Dynasty's expansion of trade into the southern sea?

Compass navigation

What was the primary purpose of the Grand Canal during the Song Dynasty?

Transportation of goods and people

What significant development in technology is attributed to the Song Dynasty?

Invention of the printing press

What characterized the trade along the Silk Road?

Spread of cultures, religions, and goods

Which region provided Champa Rice to the Song Dynasty?

Vietnam

What did Neo-Confucianism represent during the Song Dynasty?

A revival of traditional Confucian beliefs

Which religion is characterized by the belief in spirits (kami) present in natural surroundings and the construction of shrines to honor these spirits?

Shinto

Which religion is polytheistic and believes in the creator god known as Brahma, as well as reincarnation determined by one's actions in their current life?

Hinduism

Which religion was founded by Siddhartha Gautama and believes in the 4 noble truths, with the ultimate goal of reaching nirvana to end the cycle of reincarnation?

Buddhism

Which religion emphasizes the belief that humans should exist in harmony with nature and advocates for little or no government interference in creating small, self-sufficient towns?

Daoism

Which religion places a strict emphasis on how people should live their lives, including the concept of filial piety (respect for one’s elders)?

Confucianism

Which religion is an example of religious syncretism, blending elements of Islam and Hinduism?

Sikhism

Which religion encourages followers to pray 5 times a day facing Mecca, give charity to the poor, and fast during the holy month of Ramadan as part of the 5 Pillars of Islam?

Islam

Which religion believes in speaking Hebrew, being God’s chosen people protected by God, and following the 10 commandments?

Judaism

What were the state structures of the Song Dynasty?

Believed only the Chinese were capable of greatness, focused on education; emerging artisan class

What economic developments influenced neighboring societies during the Tang Dynasty?

Cultural powerhouse, influenced fashion, games, & social habits in Korea & Japan; religiously diverse capital city of Chang’an; known for their poetry & writing styles; 'Golden Age'

What technological advancements were associated with the expansion of trade into the southern sea during the Song Dynasty?

Advances in science & technology with development of bridges & canals, gunpowder, moveable type printing, improvements in biology

What was the primary purpose of the Grand Canal during the Song Dynasty?

Expanded trade

What characterized the trade along the Silk Road?

Spread of cultures, religions, beliefs, & goods; Extremely dangerous & took months

What belief system influenced the culture of Korea and Japan during the Tang Dynasty?

Confucianism

What did Neo-Confucianism represent during the Song Dynasty?

Development of Neo-Confucianism due to resurgence in traditional Confucist beliefs; filial piety; foot-binding

Which religion was characterized by the belief in spirits (kami) present in natural surroundings and the construction of shrines to honor these spirits?

Shintoism

What characterized the trade along the Silk Road?

Spread of cultures, religions, beliefs, & goods; Extremely dangerous & took months

What technological advancement was associated with the Song Dynasty's expansion of trade into the southern sea?

Advances in science & technology with development of bridges & canals, gunpowder, moveable type printing, improvements in biology

What are the key beliefs of Hinduism?

Polytheism, belief in the creator god Brahma, reincarnation, and the influence of one's current life on their next life.

What are the 4 noble truths of Buddhism?

All life is suffering, Suffering is caused by desire, There is a way out of suffering, To end suffering one should follow the Eightfold Path.

What are the 5 Pillars of Islam?

Statement of Faith, Pray 5 times facing Mecca, Give charity (alms) to the poor, Fast during the holy month of Ramadan, Pilgrimage to Mecca during lifetime.

What is the concept of filial piety in Confucianism?

The concept of showing respect for one’s elders and ancestors.

What is the ultimate goal of Buddhism?

To reach nirvana and end the cycle of reincarnation.

What is the primary belief of Sikhism?

Religious syncretism, blending elements of Islam and Hinduism.

What is the central belief of Daoism regarding human existence?

The belief that humans should exist in harmony with nature.

What caused the split in Islam after the death of Muhammad?

Differences in who should lead, leading to the creation of Shi’a and Sunni Islam.

Which religion believes in the protection of God's chosen people and the reading of the Torah?

Judaism.

What was the influence of Confucianism on the culture of Korea and Japan?

It influenced the societal order and moral values in both Korea and Japan.

Learn about the indigenous religion of Japan, Shinto, which believes in spirits (kami) present in natural surroundings, and Hinduism, a polytheistic religion originating in India that believes in reincarnation.

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