## Questions and Answers

ಮೂರು ಬದಿಗಳು ಇಲ್ಲದ ಪ್ರದೇಶ ಏನು?

ವೃತ್ತ ಮೊದಲ ಬೀಜ ಬೀಳು ಮೂಲ ಮೀಟರ್, ಏನು?

ನೋ0-180 ಡಿಗ್ರಿ ದ ಮೇ'j'e'ree'men't, 2-3 ಡಿ'g'ra's, ಏ'na'ʋ'e?

ವೃತ್ತದ ಪ್ರದೇಶವನ್ನು ಗಣಿತ ಸೂತ್ರ A = πr^2 ಮೂಲಕ ಹೇಗೆ ಲೆಕ್ಕಿಸುತ್ತಾರೆ?

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3D ಆಕೃತಿ ಯ ಗಾತ್ರ ಹೇಗೆ ಲೆಕ್ಕಿಸು?

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Transformations ಯ ಮೂ.

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ಜ್ಯಾಮಿತಿ ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರದ ಮೂಲಭೂತ ಘಟಕಗಳು ಯಾವುವು?

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Plane ಒ�?? �??��?? �??���?

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## Study Notes

## Maths: The Basics of Geometry

Geometry is a branch of maths that deals with the study of shapes, sizes, and the distances between them. It is a fundamental field that has been studied for thousands of years and plays a crucial role in various aspects of our daily lives, from architecture to engineering to even the design of our smartphones. In this article, we will explore the basics of geometry and some of its most important concepts.

### 1. Points and Lines

The most basic elements of geometry are points and lines. A **point** is an infinitesimally small location in space, represented by a single coordinate. Lines, on the other hand, are straight one-dimensional figures that extend infinitely in two directions. The intersection of two lines forms a specific point, and the intersection of a line and a plane forms a line segment.

### 2. Planes

A **plane** is a two-dimensional flat surface that extends infinitely in all directions. It is defined by three non-collinear points, which can be chosen arbitrarily. Planes are used to represent various surfaces in three-dimensional space, such as the surface of a table or a wall.

### 3. Angles and Measures

An **angle** is the space between two lines or planes. Angles are measured in degrees, with a full circle measuring 360 degrees. Angles can be categorized as acute, right, obtuse, straight, and reflex, based on their size. The measure of an angle is determined by the radial length of the central arc of the angle, which is proportional to the angle's size.

### 4. Triangles

A **triangle** is a three-sided polygon. It is the simplest plane figure with three straight sides and three corners or vertices. The properties of triangles include:

- The sum of the internal angles of a triangle is always 180 degrees.
- The length of the sides of a triangle is always greater than the sum of the squares of the lengths of the other two sides, known as the triangle inequality theorem.

### 5. Circles

A **circle** is a simple closed curve that is the set of all points in a plane that are at a constant distance from a fixed point, known as the center of the circle. The distance from the center to any point on the circle is called the radius of the circle. Key properties of circles include:

- The angle subtended by an arc at the center is equal to twice the angle subtended at any point on the arc.
- The ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter is a constant value, known as pi (π).

### 6. Area and Volume

The **area** of a two-dimensional shape is a measure of how much space it occupies. The area of a circle is calculated using the formula A = πr^2, where r is the radius of the circle. The **volume** of a three-dimensional shape is a measure of how much space it occupies, and it is typically calculated using integral calculus.

### 7. Transformations and Symmetry

**Transformations** are mathematical operations that change the position or shape of an object without changing its size or orientation. There are several types of transformations, including translation, rotation, dilation, and reflection. Symmetry is a property of objects where they look the same before and after a transformation.

### 8. Coordinate Systems

A **coordinate system** is a way of representing points in space using numbers. The most common coordinate system is the Cartesian coordinate system, which uses two perpendicular lines, called axes, to divide space into four quadrants. Points in space are represented by pairs or triples of numbers, known as coordinates, which correspond to the distances from the origin along the axes.

Geometry is a rich and fascinating field of study, with applications in various fields ranging from engineering and architecture to computer science and even in our everyday lives. By understanding the basic concepts of geometry, we can appreciate the beauty and elegance of mathematical structures and their role in shaping our world.

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## Description

Explore the fundamental concepts of geometry including points, lines, planes, angles, triangles, circles, area, volume, transformations, symmetry, and coordinate systems. Learn about the basic elements that form the foundation of geometric principles.