Geography of North America: Physical Regions and Features
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Geography of North America: Physical Regions and Features

Explore the main physical regions of North America, including the Western Cordilleras, Central Plains, and Eastern Highlands. Learn about key features such as the Rocky Mountains, the Great Plains, and the Appalachian Mountains.

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Questions and Answers

What are the three main physical regions of North America?

The Western Cordilleras, the central plains, and the Eastern Highlands.

Which mountain range in North America is considered the highest peak?

Mount McKinley in the Alaska Range.

Describe the characteristics of the Central Plains in North America.

The Central Plains are flat lowlands and river valleys, stretching from the Arctic Ocean to the Gulf of Mexico.

What is the geographical significance of the Appalachian Mountains in North America?

<p>They are an old fold mountain chain stretching from the St. Lawrence River valley to the eastern United States.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What geological features in North America were formed due to glacial activity during the Ice Age?

<p>The Great Lakes.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Name a significant physical feature in North America known for its deep gorges.

<p>The Grand Canyon.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which region in North America is characterized by young fold mountains along the western coast?

<p>The Western Cordilleras.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

  • North America can be divided into three main physical regions: the Western Cordilleras or mountain ranges, the central plains, and the Eastern Highlands.
  • The Western Cordilleras are young fold mountains, stretching about 6500 kilometers from Alaska to Panama along the western coast, with the highest range being the Rocky Mountains.
  • Mount McKinley in the Alaska Range is the highest peak in North America at 6,200 meters.
  • The Central Plains, also known as the Great Plains, stretch from the Arctic Ocean to the Gulf of Mexico and are characterized by flat lowlands and river valleys like the Mississippi River.
  • The Eastern Highlands are represented by the Appalachian Mountains, a 2575-kilometer chain of old fold mountains stretching from the St. Lawrence River valley to the eastern United States.
  • The physical features of North America include deep gorges like the Grand Canyon, plateaus like the Columbia Plateau, and the formation of the Great Lakes due to glacial activity during the Ice Age.

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