Geography Fundamentals

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6 Questions

The study of human populations, cultures, and economic activities is known as ______ geography.

Human

The measure of distance north or south of the equator is known as ______.

Latitude

Maps that show relief features, such as mountains and valleys, using contour lines are called ______ maps.

Topographic

The method of representing the curved surface of the Earth on a flat map is called ______.

Projection

Large bodies of saltwater that cover over 70% of the Earth's surface are called ______.

Oceans

Landmasses surrounded by water, often formed by volcanic activity or erosion, are called ______.

Islands

Study Notes

Branches of Geography

  • Physical Geography: Study of natural features of the Earth's surface, including climate, landforms, and ecosystems.
  • Human Geography: Study of human populations, cultures, and economic activities, including their impact on the environment.

Key Concepts

  • Latitude: Measure of distance north or south of the equator, ranging from 0° to 90°.
  • Longitude: Measure of distance east or west of the prime meridian, ranging from 0° to 180°.
  • Scale: Relationship between the distance on a map and the corresponding distance in reality.
  • Projection: Method of representing the curved surface of the Earth on a flat map.

Map Types

  • Topographic Maps: Show relief features, such as mountains and valleys, using contour lines.
  • Thematic Maps: Display specific data, such as climate, population, or economic information.
  • Cartograms: Represent the size and shape of geographic areas based on a specific variable, such as population.

Geographic Features

  • Mountains: Natural elevations of the Earth's surface, formed by tectonic plate movement.
  • Plains: Flat or gently sloping areas of land, often formed by erosion or deposition.
  • Oceans: Large bodies of saltwater that cover over 70% of the Earth's surface.
  • Islands: Landmasses surrounded by water, often formed by volcanic activity or erosion.

Human-Environment Interactions

  • Settlement: Process of establishing a permanent human population in a particular area.
  • Migration: Movement of people from one place to another, often due to economic, social, or environmental factors.
  • Resource Management: Ways in which humans use and conserve natural resources, such as water, land, and minerals.

Geographic Tools and Techniques

  • GIS (Geographic Information System): Computer-based system for capturing, storing, and analyzing geographically referenced data.
  • Remote Sensing: Acquisition of data about the Earth's surface through aerial or satellite imagery.
  • Fieldwork: Direct observation and data collection in the field, often used in conjunction with other geographic tools and techniques.

Test your knowledge of geography basics, including branches, key concepts, map types, geographic features, human-environment interactions, and geographic tools and techniques.

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