WJEC GCSE Digital Technology - Topic 1 MC

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27 Questions

Which of the following is true about analogue data?

It changes smoothly

What is the smallest piece of data that a computer can process or store?

Bits

Which of the following is an example of digital storage medium?

Computer hard-drives

What is the advantage of magnetic storage over other storage types?

It is low cost per gigabyte

What is the process called to convert analogue sound into digital data?

Analogue to digital conversion

What determines the quality of digital sound?

Sample rate and bit depth

Which of the following is true about bitmap images?

They have higher file sizes compared to vector images

Which of the following is a popular lossless compression type for graphics that might need to be edited?

PNG

What is the disadvantage of lossy compression for digital sound?

It permanently removes data to reduce file size and can result in lower quality sound

Which of the following is true about analogue data?

It changes smoothly and continuously

Which type of storage medium is affected by magnetic fields?

Magnetic storage

What is the advantage of solid-state storage over hard disks?

It is faster

What is the purpose of an analogue to digital converter (ADC)?

To convert analogue sound to digital sound

Which type of image is made up of pixels?

Bitmap images

What determines image resolution?

The number of pixels displayed horizontally and vertically

Which type of image compression maintains image quality but still reduces file size?

Lossless compression

Which type of file is popular for simple animated images?

GIF

What is the advantage of compressed digital sound files over uncompressed digital sound files?

Lower quality

Which of the following is true about analogue data?

It changes smoothly and continuously

Which type of storage medium is affected by magnetic fields?

Magnetic storage

What is the advantage of solid-state storage over hard disks?

It is faster

What is the purpose of an analogue to digital converter (ADC)?

To convert analogue sound to digital sound

Which type of image is made up of pixels?

Bitmap images

What determines image resolution?

The number of pixels displayed horizontally and vertically

Which type of image compression maintains image quality but still reduces file size?

Lossless compression

Which type of file is popular for simple animated images?

GIF

What is the advantage of compressed digital sound files over uncompressed digital sound files?

Lower quality

Study Notes

GCSE Digital Technology: Data Types and Storage Mediums

  • Analogue data is continuous and changes smoothly, while digital data is discrete and made up of binary digits (bits).

  • Computers can only process digital data, so analogue data needs to be converted before it can be used by a computer.

  • Examples of analogue devices include clocks and thermometers, while digital devices include smartphones and digital cameras.

  • Bits are the smallest pieces of data that a computer can process/store, and all information processed by a computer is in the form of a sequence of 1s and 0s.

  • Different storage mediums include magnetic storage (e.g. computer hard-drives), optical storage (e.g. DVDs), solid-state storage (e.g. USBs), and cloud storage (e.g. Google Drive).

  • Magnetic storage is low cost per gigabyte and has large capacity, but is less portable and less rugged than other storage types.

  • Optical storage is cheap for small amounts of storage, portable, and not affected by magnetic fields, but slow to write and easily scratched.

  • Solid-state storage is faster than hard disks, large capacity, and very tough and rugged, but expensive and easily lost/stolen.

  • Cloud storage offers remote backup and access from anywhere with a network connection, but relies on a reliable network connection and costs money to store data.

  • Digital sound needs to be converted from analogue to digital before it can be processed by a computer, using an analogue to digital converter (ADC).

  • Digital images can be stored as bitmap images (made up of pixels) or vector images (made up of mathematical equations), and can be compressed to save space.

  • Compression techniques for digital sound and images can reduce file size without significantly affecting quality, using methods such as lossy compression (removing data) or lossless compression (reducing redundancy).Digital Sound and Images

  • Digital sound is produced by converting analogue sound into digital data using a process called analogue to digital conversion (ADC).

  • Digital sound can be edited on a computer and then converted back into analogue sound using digital to analogue conversion (DAC).

  • The quality of digital sound depends on the sample rate (number of samples per second) and bit depth (number of bits available for each sample).

  • Uncompressed digital sound files have higher quality but larger file sizes compared to compressed digital sound files.

  • Compressed digital sound files use lossy compression, which permanently removes data to reduce file size and can result in lower quality sound.

  • Bitmap images are made up of pixels and have higher file sizes compared to vector images, which are made up of mathematical calculations.

  • Image resolution is determined by the number of pixels displayed horizontally and vertically, with higher resolution images having sharper quality but larger file sizes.

  • Vector images are scalable, meaning they can be enlarged without losing quality, while bitmap images can become pixelated when enlarged.

  • Image compression can be lossless or lossy, with lossless compression maintaining image quality but still reducing file size, and lossy compression permanently removing data to reduce file size.

  • PNG is a popular lossless compression type for graphics that might need to be edited, while JPEG and GIF are popular lossy compression types for digital camera images and simple animated images, respectively.

  • Storing uncompressed digital sound and high resolution bitmap images require more storage space compared to compressed digital sound and low resolution images, respectively.

  • Different file types for digital sound and images have different effects on overall sound and image quality as well as file size, and users can choose between them based on their preferences and needs.

GCSE Digital Technology: Data Types and Storage Mediums

  • Analogue data is continuous and changes smoothly, while digital data is discrete and made up of binary digits (bits).

  • Computers can only process digital data, so analogue data needs to be converted before it can be used by a computer.

  • Examples of analogue devices include clocks and thermometers, while digital devices include smartphones and digital cameras.

  • Bits are the smallest pieces of data that a computer can process/store, and all information processed by a computer is in the form of a sequence of 1s and 0s.

  • Different storage mediums include magnetic storage (e.g. computer hard-drives), optical storage (e.g. DVDs), solid-state storage (e.g. USBs), and cloud storage (e.g. Google Drive).

  • Magnetic storage is low cost per gigabyte and has large capacity, but is less portable and less rugged than other storage types.

  • Optical storage is cheap for small amounts of storage, portable, and not affected by magnetic fields, but slow to write and easily scratched.

  • Solid-state storage is faster than hard disks, large capacity, and very tough and rugged, but expensive and easily lost/stolen.

  • Cloud storage offers remote backup and access from anywhere with a network connection, but relies on a reliable network connection and costs money to store data.

  • Digital sound needs to be converted from analogue to digital before it can be processed by a computer, using an analogue to digital converter (ADC).

  • Digital images can be stored as bitmap images (made up of pixels) or vector images (made up of mathematical equations), and can be compressed to save space.

  • Compression techniques for digital sound and images can reduce file size without significantly affecting quality, using methods such as lossy compression (removing data) or lossless compression (reducing redundancy).Digital Sound and Images

  • Digital sound is produced by converting analogue sound into digital data using a process called analogue to digital conversion (ADC).

  • Digital sound can be edited on a computer and then converted back into analogue sound using digital to analogue conversion (DAC).

  • The quality of digital sound depends on the sample rate (number of samples per second) and bit depth (number of bits available for each sample).

  • Uncompressed digital sound files have higher quality but larger file sizes compared to compressed digital sound files.

  • Compressed digital sound files use lossy compression, which permanently removes data to reduce file size and can result in lower quality sound.

  • Bitmap images are made up of pixels and have higher file sizes compared to vector images, which are made up of mathematical calculations.

  • Image resolution is determined by the number of pixels displayed horizontally and vertically, with higher resolution images having sharper quality but larger file sizes.

  • Vector images are scalable, meaning they can be enlarged without losing quality, while bitmap images can become pixelated when enlarged.

  • Image compression can be lossless or lossy, with lossless compression maintaining image quality but still reducing file size, and lossy compression permanently removing data to reduce file size.

  • PNG is a popular lossless compression type for graphics that might need to be edited, while JPEG and GIF are popular lossy compression types for digital camera images and simple animated images, respectively.

  • Storing uncompressed digital sound and high resolution bitmap images require more storage space compared to compressed digital sound and low resolution images, respectively.

  • Different file types for digital sound and images have different effects on overall sound and image quality as well as file size, and users can choose between them based on their preferences and needs.

Learn about the differences between analogue and digital data, the conversion process for analogue data, the types of storage mediums including their advantages and disadvantages, as well as the conversion and compression techniques for digital sound and images.

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