Gastrointestinal Tract Organs and Functions

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12 Questions

What is the primary function of the esophagus in the digestive system?

To transport solids and liquids from the mouth to the stomach

What is the result of mixing food with digestive juices in the stomach?

Formation of chyme

What is the role of hydrochloric acid in the digestive system?

To break down food structures and kill harmful bacteria

What is the function of pepsin in the stomach?

To degrade protein

What is the role of intrinsic factor in the digestive system?

To absorb Vitamin B12

What is the function of mucus in the stomach?

To protect the stomach lining from damage

What is the primary function of the jejunum in the small intestine?

Control of carbohydrate and protein absorption

What is the name of the chart used to classify stools into seven groups?

Bristol Stool Chart

What is the function of the rectum in the large intestine?

Absorption of excess water

What is the term for the movement of waste into the rectum, stimulating the nerves to create an urge to defecate?

Peristaltic waves

What is the name of the type of intestinal motility characterized by radially symmetrical contraction and relaxation of muscles?

Peristalsis

What is the function of the duodenum in the small intestine?

Secretion of hormones that trigger the pancreas

Test your knowledge of the organs involved in the digestive process, including their roles and functions. From the mouth to the stomach, learn how each organ contributes to the breakdown of food.

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