Fourth Industrial Revolution Overview

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18 Questions

What major technological breakthroughs in electronics took place during the Second World War and its aftermath?

The first programmable computer and the transistor

What key issue reappears in various incarnations in the field of IT and Computing?

Redundancy of workers due to automation

In which main technological fields did major innovation occur in the 1970s?

Micro-electronics, computers, and telecommunications

Which organization is responsible for developing and promoting voluntary Internet standards?

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)

What is a prominent current development discussed in the text related to IT and Computing?

Artificial Intelligence advancements

Which term is used to describe the fast processing of electric impulses in a binary mode?

Transistor

What is one of the ethical issues mentioned in the text related to social issues and professional practice (SIPP)?

Property rights

In the provided text, what is the focus of the scenarios mentioned?

Net neutrality

What is the aim of analyzing scenarios systematically?

To understand and address ethical dilemmas effectively

What are some examples of ethical issues mentioned in the text?

Property rights, privacy, free speech, professional ethics

How are students encouraged to engage with the scenarios described in the text?

By detecting ethical issues but not forming opinions

The introduction in the text aims to prepare students for understanding the __________ in IT & Computing.

Fourth industrial revolution

What is the Fourth Industrial Revolution primarily driven by?

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the Internet of Things (IoT)

What is the expected outcome of combining AI and IoT in the Fourth Industrial Revolution?

Intelligent cyber-physical systems that can configure themselves based on input

Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the text as a characteristic of cyber-physical systems enabled by the Fourth Industrial Revolution?

Replacement of human workers with robots

According to the figure mentioned in the text, what is the architecture of a cyber-physical systems-enabled manufacturing system?

A hierarchical pyramid structure

What is the role of the Internet of Things (IoT) in the Fourth Industrial Revolution?

Providing data for analysis by AI techniques

What is the term used in the text to refer to the Fourth Industrial Revolution?

Industry 4.0

Study Notes

The Fourth Industrial Revolution

  • The Fourth Industrial Revolution, also known as Industry 4.0, is driven by technologies like Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the Internet of Things (IoT)
  • IoT generates massive data, which is analyzed using AI techniques to make sense of the data
  • This combination enables the creation of 'intelligent' cyber-physical systems that can configure themselves, adjust, and optimize operations autonomously

Social Context of IT and Computing

  • The social context of IT and Computing has changed significantly over the years, with new issues emerging and old ones reappearing in different forms
  • Current developments in Artificial Intelligence and the digital divide are prominent social issues in IT and Computing
  • Historical context of IT is important to understand the overall social context and avoid "reinventing the wheel" of arguments on issues raised by technologies

Brief History of IT

  • Major technological breakthroughs in electronics occurred during and after the Second World War, including the first programmable computer and the transistor
  • New information technologies became widely diffused in the 1970s, accelerating their synergistic development and converging into a new paradigm
  • Innovations in micro-electronics, computers, and telecommunications occurred in several stages, with the transistor enabling fast processing of electric impulses in a binary mode

Learn about the Fourth Industrial Revolution, the technological advancements driving it, and its expected impact on various industries in the coming years.

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