Food Security in India: Chapter Overview

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What are the three dimensions of food security?

Availability, accessibility, affordability

What does food security depend on?

Public Distribution System (PDS) and government vigilance

What does accessibility in food security mean?

Food is within reach of every person

What does affordability in food security imply?

Individual has enough money to buy sufficient, safe and nutritious food

How is food security ensured in a country?

Enough food is available for all the persons, all persons have the capacity to buy food of acceptable quality, and there is no barrier on access to food

What new dimension to food security did Amartya Sen emphasize?


According to the 1995 World Food Summit declaration, when does food security exist?

When all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.

How is food security affected during a calamity such as a drought?

Total production of food decreases, creating a shortage and causing food prices to go up. Some people cannot afford to buy food, leading to a situation of starvation, which can escalate to famine.

Who were the most affected by the FAMINE OF BENGAL in 1943?

Agricultural laborers, fishermen, transport workers, and other casual laborers.

Which year shows a drastic decline in food availability according to the table?


Explore the concept of food security in India and its significance. Understand the impact of the Public Distribution System (PDS) and government interventions on ensuring food security. Discover the vulnerability of poor households to food insecurity during times of production or distribution challenges.

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