Ethiopian History: Solomonic Dynasty Quiz

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32 Questions

What did the rulers of the 'Solomonic' Dynasty claim?

They were descendants of the last king of Aksum and legitimate to take over state power from the Zagwe dynasty

Why is the name 'Restoration' placed in quotation marks?

Because it is a legendary claim with no historical evidence

Why is the name 'Solomonic' placed in quotation marks?

Because it is a legendary claim with no historical evidence

What did the Kibre Negest claim about Ethiopian ruling class descent?

Descended from the line of Menilek I, son of Queen of Sheba and King Solomon

What caused political instability following the end of Yikuno-Amlak's reign?

Constant power struggles among his sons and grandsons for succession

To whom did Yegba-Tsion write a letter reflecting the existence of power struggles for succession?

The Sultan of Egypt and the Patriarch of Alexandria

During which reign was a 'royal prison' established at Amba-Gishen?

Widim-Ra’ad

Where was the 'royal prison' located?

Wollo

Who destroyed Amba-Gishen and when?

Imam Ahmad Ibrahim Al-Ghazi in 1540

To which region did the center of the dynasty gradually shift southward?

Amhara

Who was the first 'Solomonic' King?

Amde-Tsion

What were Emperor Amde-Tsion's main motives for territorial expansion?

Political and economic gain

Which territories did Amde-Tsion's army expand into around 1323/4?

Awi

To whom did Amde-Tsion give Enderta to consolidate control of the Christian state?

'Solomonic' Queen

'Enterprise' refers to the flow of what to the coast following major routes?

'Enterprise' commodities

What was the first permanent capital established after coming to power, by Yikuno-Amlak?

Lake Haiq

What did the rulers of the 'Solomonic' Dynasty claim?

Descent from the Queen of Sheba

Why is the name 'Solomonic' placed in quotation marks?

To indicate it is a legendary claim

What did the Kibre Negest claim about Ethiopian ruling class descent?

Descended from the line of Menilek I

During which reign was a 'royal prison' established at Amba-Gishen?

Yegba-Tsion

What caused political instability following the end of Yikuno-Amlak's reign?

Succession problem

Who was the first 'Solomonic' King?

Yikuno-Amlak

During which reign was the 'royal prison' established at Amba-Gishen?

Widim-Ra’ad

Who destroyed Amba-Gishen and when?

Imam Ahmad Ibrahim Al-Ghazi in 1540

What did the rulers of the 'Solomonic' Dynasty claim?

Descent from King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba

Why is the name 'Restoration' placed in quotation marks?

To indicate that it was not a true restoration

What was the first permanent capital established after coming to power, by Yikuno-Amlak?

Menz

What caused political instability following the end of Yikuno-Amlak's reign?

Succession problem

'Enterprise' refers to the flow of what to the coast following major routes?

Trade goods

Who was the first 'Solomonic' King?

'Yikuno-Amlak'

What were Emperor Amde-Tsion's main motives for territorial expansion?

Control of trade routes and seizure of territories

To whom did Amde-Tsion give Enderta to consolidate control of the Christian state?

His wife, Bilen-Saba

Study Notes

The 'Solomonic' Dynasty

  • Rulers of the 'Solomonic' Dynasty claimed to be descendants of the biblical King Solomon and Queen of Sheba.
  • The name 'Solomonic' is placed in quotation marks because it is a disputed title, as the dynasty's connection to King Solomon is not historical fact.

Kibre Negest

  • The Kibre Negest claimed that the Ethiopian ruling class descended from the biblical King Solomon and Queen of Sheba.

Yikuno-Amlak's Reign

  • Yikuno-Amlak was the first 'Solomonic' King.
  • The first permanent capital established after coming to power was Tegot.
  • Political instability followed the end of Yikuno-Amlak's reign due to power struggles for succession.

Royal Prison

  • A 'royal prison' was established at Amba-Gishen during the reign of Yegba-Tsion.
  • Amba-Gishen was located in the north of Ethiopia.
  • The 'royal prison' was destroyed by Emperor Amde-Tsion in 1333.

Territorial Expansion

  • Emperor Amde-Tsion's main motives for territorial expansion were to consolidate control of the Christian state and spread Christianity.
  • Amde-Tsion's army expanded into the territories of Dawaro, Fetegar, and Hadiya around 1323/4.
  • Amde-Tsion gave Enderta to his brother, Sabr Ad-Din, to consolidate control of the Christian state.

Enterprise

  • 'Enterprise' refers to the flow of goods and trading activities to the coast following major routes.

Center of the Dynasty

  • The center of the dynasty gradually shifted southward to the region of Shewa.

Test your knowledge about the Solomonic Dynasty of Ethiopia, their claim to descent from the last king of Aksum, and their historical legitimacy. Explore the legendary origins of the dynasty and its elaboration in the Kibre Negest ('Glory of Kings').

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