Ethics and Moral Values Quiz

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37 Questions

What is a key advantage of deontological ethical approach?

Reinforcing the idea of treating people with dignity and respect

What is a disadvantage of virtue ethics?

Possibly undermining the importance of professional or legal obligations

How does communitarian ethics differ from utilitarian ethics?

It prioritizes social cohesion and equity

What is a drawback of communitarianism ethics?

It opens up the possibility of infringing on individual rights for the sake of the greater public good

What is a key characteristic of casuistry?

Case-based reasoning and attention to particulars of each case

Which ethical model considers the virtue or moral character of the person carrying out an action?

Virtue ethics

What is a potential limitation of using deontological ethical approach for decision-making?

Possibility of infringing on individual rights for the sake of the greater public good

What distinguishes communitarianism ethics from deontological ethics?

It emphasizes societal and community relations forming personal identity

What distinguishes casuistry from utilitarian ethics?

Case-based reasoning and attention to particulars of each case

What potential drawback is associated with applying casuistry in ethical decision-making?

Possibility of disagreement over the principles involved in the decision

What is an advantage of applying communitarianism ethics?

Prioritizing social cohesion and equity

What is a potential limitation to using virtue ethics for ethical decision-making?

Possibly undermining the importance of professional or legal obligations

Which principle is considered to outweigh the ethical principal of autonomy in certain instances?

Beneficence

What term is used to describe a set of ethics defined by a professional organization?

Code of conduct

Which branch of law governs medical practice and includes cases where medical evidence may be relevant to a legal case?

Medicolegal law

What are the sources of law mentioned in the text?

Legislation, judicial precedents, customs

Which type of law tries to take what is wrong and put it right for the person who was harmed?

Civil law

What defines what is illegal and punishes those engaged in illegal activity?

Criminal law

What characteristics constitute medical malpractice?

Negligence, injury, and significant damages

What principle espouses the idea of doing the greatest good for the greatest number of people?

Utilitarian ethics

What is a disadvantage of the utilitarian ethical model mentioned in the text?

May damage social relations between groups

What is an advantage of the utilitarian model?

Impartiality and neutrality in decision making

In which type of ethics does an action considered morally good because of its innate characteristic?

Deontological ethics

What do laws stem from according to the text?

Sovereign political authority

What is the primary focus of the field of ethics?

Applying values and moral rules to human activity

Why do ethical dilemmas often arise?

Due to conflicts between different values

What does bioethics focus on?

Ethics applied to medicine

Why does bioethics need to take into account differing backgrounds, cultures, and religions?

To consider pluralistic society's perspectives

What creates a bioethical dilemma regarding blood transfusions?

Conflict between the wishes of the Jehovah’s Witness community and health professionals' ethical obligations

Why are minors sometimes given blood transfusions against the wishes of their parents and community?

Based on the legal backing of the courts

Why might what is reasonable for one culture or religion not be the same for another in the context of bioethics?

Conflict between differing moral frameworks

Why does the field of ethics emphasize looking at problems from different perspectives?

To consider pluralistic society's perspectives

Why are some ethical values considered universal?

Reasoned and defensible nature

What is the central focus of bioethics when dealing with differing backgrounds, cultures, religions, and moral frameworks?

To consider pluralistic society's perspectives

What does the expert example concerning Jehovah’s Witness community and blood transfusions illustrate?

The conflict between different ethical values in a medical context

What is one of the key factors contributing to ethical dilemmas according to the text?

Influence of individual experiences and background

Why does bioethics sometimes need to take into account the differing backgrounds, cultures, religions, and moral frameworks?

To respect diverse perspectives in a pluralistic society

Test your understanding of ethics and moral values with this quiz. Explore the application of values to human activity, the concept of doing the right thing, and the influence of culture and experience on ethical values. Enhance your knowledge of addressing ethical dilemmas from different perspectives.

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