Entity Relationship Diagram (ERD) Basics

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5 Questions

What is the primary purpose of an Entity Relationship Diagram (ERD)?

To visualize complex data relationships

Which of the following is an attribute of an entity in an ERD?

A characteristic or property of an entity

What is the term for a relationship where one entity is related to only one other entity?


What notation uses rectangles for entities and lines for relationships?

Chen's Notation

What is the first step in creating an ERD?

Identify entities and their attributes

Study Notes

Entity Relationship Diagram (ERD)


An Entity Relationship Diagram (ERD) is a visual representation of data entities and their relationships in a database.


  • Entities: Represented as rectangles, entities are objects or concepts that have attributes or properties.
  • Attributes: Represented as columns, attributes are the characteristics or properties of an entity.
  • Relationships: Represented as lines, relationships describe how entities interact with each other.

Types of Relationships

  • One-to-One (1:1): One entity is related to only one other entity.
  • One-to-Many (1:N): One entity is related to multiple entities.
  • Many-to-Many (M:N): Multiple entities are related to multiple entities.


  • Chen's Notation:
    • Rectangles for entities
    • Lines for relationships
    • Arrowheads for cardinality (1:1, 1:N, M:N)
  • Crow's Foot Notation:
    • Rectangles for entities
    • Lines with crow's foot symbols for relationships
    • Cardinality indicated by the number of lines

Steps to Create an ERD

  1. Identify entities and their attributes
  2. Determine relationships between entities
  3. Choose a notation (Chen's or Crow's Foot)
  4. Draw the ERD diagram


  • Visualizes complex data relationships
  • Helps in database design and development
  • Facilitates communication among stakeholders
  • Enhances data modeling and data analysis

Learn the fundamentals of creating Entity Relationship Diagrams (ERDs), including entities, attributes, and relationships. Discover the different notations and steps to create an ERD for effective database design and development.

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