English Language History and Grammar

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What is the basic sentence structure of English language?

Subject-Verb-Object (SVO)

What is the origin of English language?

Germanic languages spoken by Anglo-Saxons in England

What is the term for words borrowed from other languages?

Loanwords

What is the term for new words created to describe modern concepts?

Neologisms

What is the standardized spelling system of English language?

Orthography

Who is a notable author of English literature?

Charles Dickens

Study Notes

English Language

History

  • Originated from Germanic languages spoken by Anglo-Saxons in England
  • Influenced by Latin, Greek, and French during the Norman Conquest
  • Evolved into Middle English (circa 1100-1500) and Early Modern English (circa 1500-1800)

Grammar

  • Basic sentence structure: Subject-Verb-Object (SVO)
  • Tenses:
    • Present (e.g., I go)
    • Past (e.g., I went)
    • Future (e.g., I will go)
    • Past perfect (e.g., I had gone)
    • Future perfect (e.g., I will have gone)
  • Verb forms:
    • Base form (e.g., go)
    • -ing form (e.g., going)
    • Past tense (e.g., went)
    • Past participle (e.g., gone)

Vocabulary

  • Core vocabulary: Germanic words (e.g., house, water, father)
  • Loanwords: borrowed from other languages (e.g., Latin: captain, Greek: philosophy, French: buffet)
  • Neologisms: new words created to describe modern concepts (e.g., selfie, hashtag)

Dialects and Variations

  • Regional dialects: differences in pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar across regions (e.g., American English, British English, Australian English)
  • Social dialects: variations based on social class, ethnicity, and occupation (e.g., African American Vernacular English, Cockney Rhyming Slang)
  • Register: formal or informal language used in different contexts (e.g., formal: news anchor, informal: social media)

Literacy and Literature

  • Alphabetic script: 26 letters adapted from Latin alphabet
  • Orthography: standardized spelling system
  • Literary movements: Renaissance, Romanticism, Modernism, Postmodernism
  • Notable authors: William Shakespeare, Jane Austen, Charles Dickens, J.K. Rowling

History of English Language

  • Originated from Germanic languages spoken by Anglo-Saxons in England
  • Influenced by Latin, Greek, and French during the Norman Conquest
  • Evolved into Middle English (circa 1100-1500) and Early Modern English (circa 1500-1800)

Grammar

  • Basic sentence structure: Subject-Verb-Object (SVO)
  • Tenses:
    • Present (e.g., I go)
    • Past (e.g., I went)
    • Future (e.g., I will go)
    • Past perfect (e.g., I had gone)
    • Future perfect (e.g., I will have gone)
  • Verb forms:
    • Base form (e.g., go)
    • -ing form (e.g., going)
    • Past tense (e.g., went)
    • Past participle (e.g., gone)

Vocabulary

  • Core vocabulary: Germanic words (e.g., house, water, father)
  • Loanwords: borrowed from other languages (e.g., Latin: captain, Greek: philosophy, French: buffet)
  • Neologisms: new words created to describe modern concepts (e.g., selfie, hashtag)

Dialects and Variations

  • Regional dialects: differences in pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar across regions (e.g., American English, British English, Australian English)
  • Social dialects: variations based on social class, ethnicity, and occupation (e.g., African American Vernacular English, Cockney Rhyming Slang)
  • Register: formal or informal language used in different contexts (e.g., formal: news anchor, informal: social media)

Literacy and Literature

  • Alphabetic script: 26 letters adapted from Latin alphabet
  • Orthography: standardized spelling system
  • Literary movements:
    • Renaissance
    • Romanticism
    • Modernism
    • Postmodernism
  • Notable authors:
    • William Shakespeare
    • Jane Austen
    • Charles Dickens
    • J.K. Rowling

Learn about the origins and evolution of the English language, from its Germanic roots to its modern grammar and sentence structure. Test your knowledge of English language history and grammar rules!

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