English Adjectives: Types, Order, Comparison

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In the phrase 'A big dog chased the small cat,' what type of adjective does 'big' represent?


Which rule dictates that opinion adjectives should be placed last in a sentence?

Opinion Last

What is the comparative form of the adjective 'beautiful' following the rules mentioned?

more beautiful

Which of the following adjectives has an irregular comparative form?


Which suffix is commonly added to most adjectives to form their superlative forms?


What is the superlative form of the adjective 'good'?


Which type of adjective describes quantities?

Descriptive adjectives

In the phrase 'the green shark,' what type of adjective is 'green'?

Descriptive adjective

What do demonstrative adjectives like 'this' and 'that' show?

Which person, place, thing, or idea is being referred to

Which type of adjective indicates ownership or association?

Possessive adjectives

What is the purpose of interrogative adjectives?

Ask questions about a noun or its qualities

Which type of adjective asks questions about a noun or its qualities?

Interrogative adjectives

Study Notes

Adjectives: Types, Order, Comparison

Adjectives play an essential role in English grammar by modifying nouns and pronouns, allowing us to describe people, places, things, and ideas with more detail and precision. They can provide information about quantity, quality, shape, color, size, opinion, possession, and relationship between other parts of speech. In this article, we will explore different types of adjectives, their order in sentences, and how to form comparative and superlative forms of adjectives.

Types of Adjectives

There are various types of adjectives based on what they modify or convey. Some common categories are:

Descriptive Adjectives

These adjectives give details about the nouns they describe. For example, "the green shark," where "green" describes the color of the shark.

Demonstrative Adjectives

Demonstratives show which person, place, thing, or idea is being referred to. Examples include "this," "that," "these," and "those."

Possessive Adjectives

Possessive adjectives indicate ownership or association. Common possessive adjectives are "my," "your," "his," "her," "its," "our," and "their."

Quantitative Adjectives

Quantitative adjectives describe quantities. Examples include "few," "many," "much," "more," and "most."

Interrogative Adjectives

Interrogative adjectives ask questions about a noun or its qualities. An example is "what," which asks "which one?" like in "What book do you want?"

Adjective Order

In a sentence, the order of adjectives depends on the context and the type of noun being modified. However, there are some general rules to follow:

Determiners First

Determiners such as "the," "a," "an," and "some" usually come before descriptive adjectives. For instance, "A big dog chased the small cat."

Quality Before Quantity

Qualitative adjectives describing the nature of a noun generally appear before quantitative adjectives describing the amount. "The red car is my favorite; it has many features I love."

Opinion Last

If expressing opinion using adverbial phrases, place them after all other adjectives. "She is very beautiful."

Comparative and Superlative Adjectives

Comparative and superlative adjectives help establish relationships between two or more people, things, or concepts.

Comparative Forms

To create comparative forms, most adjectives require the addition of "-er" or "more" depending on whether the base adjective ends in -e or not. For example:

  • Base adjective ending in "-e" -> Add "-er": bigger, faster, stronger
  • Base adjective without "-e" -> Add "more": more beautiful, more expensive

Some irregular adjectives may have unique comparative forms: good > better, bad > worse, little > less, much > more, few > fewer, many > more.

Superlative Forms

Superlative adjectives are used when comparing three or more nouns within a single sentence. To form superlative adjectives:

  • Most adjectives usually take the "-est" suffix: largest, smallest, happiest
  • Irregular adjectives often have unique superlative forms: best, worst, least, most

Both comparative and superlative forms can also be created using the comparative and superlative degrees of comparison with appropriate determiners: more + comparative adjective, the most + superlative adjective.

Explore the world of adjectives in English grammar by learning about different types of adjectives, their order in sentences, and how to form comparative and superlative forms. Discover descriptive, demonstrative, possessive, quantitative, and interrogative adjectives, and understand the rules for placing adjectives in sentences.

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